Agricultural Adjustment Administration
(AAA)
   The AAA was established in 1933 to implement the Agricultural Adjustment Act and was headed by George N. Peek. However, the AAA was criticized because of the decision to destroy millions of acres of crops already in production and to slaughter 6 million piglets and 200,000 sows. Moreover, Peek proved a controversial figure, and his refusal to accept the principle of crop reduction rather than the purchase and export of surpluses led to his resignation in December 1933. He was succeeded by Chester Davis. Although the Agricultural Adjustment Act was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in 1936, the AAA continued to administer the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act, 1936, and then the second Agricultural Adjustment Act, 1938. In 1942, the AAA became the Agricultural Adjustment Agency, and its chief function was to encourage maximum production for wartime. In 1945, the AAA was taken over by the Production and Marketing Administration.
   See also Agriculture.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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