Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer
(1874-1965)
   British statesman, prime minister, and wartime leader Winston Churchill was born in Blenheim Palace, England. He served in the army in Egypt and South Africa before becoming a Conservative member of parliament in 1900. Churchill later became a member of the Liberal Party and held various Cabinet positions, including home secretary and first lord of the Admiralty. In 1917, he became minister of munitions. After the war, he served as secretary of state for war, and then, having rejoined the Conservatives, was chancellor of the exchequer from 1924 to 1929. Out of office during the 1930s, with the start of World War II in 1939, Churchill returned to the Admiralty, and in 1940 he became leader of the coalition wartime government.
   Churchill proved himself to be one of Britain’s greatest leaders, mobilizing the people with stirring speeches, articulating courage and determination to fight, and determining strategy. He worked closely with President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and together they issued a joint statement of principles in the Atlantic Charter of 1941. He also put aside his anticommunist feelings to work with Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, with whom he reached agreement at the Moscow Conference (1943) about the spheres of influence in the Balkan regions after the war. He was unsuccessful persuading Roosevelt that a rapid advance on Berlin was necessary to limit Soviet power in Europe, and during the Potsdam Conference, Churchill suffered electoral defeat at home and was succeeded by Labour leader Clement Attlee. After the war, in a speech in Fulton, Missouri, Churchill declared that an “iron curtain” had fallen across Eastern Europe, and he encouraged President Harry S. Truman to take a strong anti- Soviet position.
   Churchill became prime minister once again in 1951 but was forced to pass over power to Anthony Eden in 1955 due to ill-health.
   See also Tehran Conference; Yalta Conference.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill — Winston Churchill Amtszeiten: 1. 10. Mai 1940 – 27. Juli 1945 2. 26. Oktober 1951 – 7. April 1955 Vorgänger: 1. Arthur Neville Chamberlain 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CHURCHILL, SIR WINSTON LEONARD SPENCER° — (1875–1965), British statesman and author. With some lapses, Churchill was a lifelong philo semite and pro Zionist. His general view on Judaism and the Jews was based on his awareness of their spiritual potentialities and their role in history,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Churchill, Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill — (1874–1965)    Twice prime minister of the United Kingdom, Winston Churchill is remembered for his great achievement during World War II, especially during the period between the fall of France in June 1940 and the entry into the war of the… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Churchill, Sir Winston (Leonard Spencer) — born Nov. 30, 1874, Blenheim Palace, Oxfordshire, Eng. died Jan. 24, 1965, London British statesman and author. Son of Lord Randolph Churchill and the American Jennie Jerome, he had an unhappy childhood and was an unpromising student. After… …   Universalium

  • Churchill, Sir Winston (Leonard Spencer) — (30 nov. 1874, Palacio Blenheim, Oxfordshire, Inglaterra–24 ene. 1965, Londres). Estadista y escritor británico. Hijo de Lord Randolph Churchill y de la norteamericana Jennie Jerome, tuvo una infancia infeliz y fue un estudiante poco prometedor.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Churchill, Sir Winston Leonard Spencer — (1874–1965)    British statesman. Early in his political career, Churchill took a sympathetic interest in Jewish matters. In 1904, four years after his election to the House of Commons, he attacked the Aliens Immigration bill. He also supported… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Churchill, sir Winston Leonard Spencer — ► (1874 1965) Estadista y escritor británico. Primer lord del almirantazgo y ministro de la Guerra durante la Primera Guerra Mundial. Primer ministro después de las elecciones de 1951 y 1955. Son notables sus obras autobiográficas e históricas,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill — Winston Churchill Amtszeiten: 1. 10. Mai 1940 – 27. Juli 1945 2. 26. Oktober 1951 – 7. April 1955 Vorgänger: 1. Arthur Neville Chamberlain 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Winston S. Churchill — Winston Churchill Amtszeiten: 1. 10. Mai 1940 – 27. Juli 1945 2. 26. Oktober 1951 – 7. April 1955 Vorgänger: 1. Arthur Neville Chamberlain 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Winston Churchill — Amtszeiten: 1. 10. Mai 1940 – 27. Juli 1945 2. 26. Oktober 1951 – 7. April 1955 Vorgänger: 1. Arthur Neville Chamberlain …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”