Davis, Benjamin Oliver, Sr.


Davis, Benjamin Oliver, Sr.
(1880-1970)
   The first African American general in the U.S. Army, Benjamin O. Davis Sr. was born in Washington, D.C., where he attended high school and took part-time classes at Howard University. In 1898, he joined the 8th Volunteer Infantry and served for a year in Georgia before mustering out. He rejoined the 9th Cavalry (one of four black regular regiments established by Congress after the Civil War). He rose through the ranks and became a first lieutenant in 1905. After a posting in the Philippines from 1901 to 1905, Davis took a position as professor of military science at Wilberforce University in Ohio. He was posted as the U.S. military attaché to Liberia from 1909 to 1912. He was posted back to the Philippines in 1917 and returned to the United States in 1920 as a lieutenant colonel. During the 1920s, Davis held different teaching positions at Tuskegee Institute and Wilberforce University. He made brigadier general in 1940 and retired in 1941 but was recalled following U.S. entry into World War II. During the war, he toured U.S. bases and the European Theater of Operations as an “adviser on Negro Problems.” He reported on conditions and the morale of African American servicemen, but most of his recommendations were ignored. His primary role was to act as a morale-boosting model for black Americans. He retired in 1948. Davis was awarded the Bronze Star and the Distinguished Service Medal. He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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  • Davis,Benjamin Oliver — Davis, Benjamin Oliver. 1877 1970. American cavalry officer who was the first African American general in the U.S. Army (1940 1948). His son Benjamin Oliver Davis, Jr. (born 1912), was the first African American general in the U.S. Air Force… …   Universalium

  • Davis, Benjamin Oliver, Jr. — (1912 2002)    Born the son of the U.S. Army’s first black general, Benjamin O. Davis Jr. attended the University of Chicago before he became the first African American in the 20th century to graduate from West Point Military Academy in 1936. He… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Davis, Benjamin Oliver, Jr. — ▪ 2003       general (ret.), U.S. Air Force (b. Dec. 18, 1912, Washington, D.C. d. July 4, 2002, Washington, D.C.), became the first African American general in the U.S. Air Force and in World War II led the 332nd Fighter Group the Tuskegee… …   Universalium

  • Davis, Benjamin Oliver, Sr. — ▪ United States general born July 1, 1877, Washington, D.C., U.S. died November 26, 1970, North Chicago, Ill.       soldier who became the first black general in the U.S. Army.       After serving as a volunteer in the Spanish American War (1898) …   Universalium

  • Benjamin Oliver Davis — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Benjamin Oliver Davis Benjamin Oliver Davis, Jr. (18 de diciembre de 1912, Washington D. C. 4 de julio de 2002, Washington D. C.) fue un piloto estadounidense, el primer a …   Wikipedia Español

  • Davis, Benjamin O., Jr. — ▪ United States general in full  Benjamin Oliver Davis, Jr.  born December 18, 1912, Washington, D.C., U.S. died July 4, 2002, Washington, D.C.       pilot, officer, and administrator who became the first African American general in the U.S. Air… …   Universalium

  • Benjamin Oliver Davis —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie différentes personnes partageant un même nom. Benjamin Oliver Davis peut faire référence à : Benjamin Oliver Davis, Sr. (1877 1970), premier général afro américain de l US Army. Benjamin Oliver Davis,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Benjamin Oliver Davis, Jr. — Benjamin Oliver Davis (18 décembre 1912 à Washington, D.C.– 4 juillet 2002 à Washington, D.C. aux États Unis) est un général de l United States Air Force, commandant pendant l …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Davis — /day vis/, n. 1. Alexander Jackson, 1803 92, U.S. architect. 2. Benjamin Oliver, 1877 1970, U.S. military officer: first black Army brigadier general. 3. his son, Benjamin Oliver, Jr., born 1912, U.S. military officer: first black Air Force… …   Universalium

  • benjamin — /ben jeuh meuhn/, n. benzoin1 (def. 2). [1570 80; alter. (by assoc. with the proper name) of benjoin, early form of BENZOIN1] * * * (as used in expressions) Banneker Benjamin Benjamin Judah Philip Benjamin Walter Benjamin Kubelsky Bloch Marc… …   Universalium

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