Einstein, Albert


Einstein, Albert
(1879-1955)
   Born in Ulm, Germany, and educated in Munich and Zurich, Switzerland, Albert Einstein developed the theory of relativity published in a series of articles in the Annals of Physics in 1905. This was the most revolutionary development in physics since Sir Isaac Newton’s theory of gravity in the 17th century. From 1913 until 1933 Einstein was the director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Physics in Berlin, Germany. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1919 and published The Principle of Relativity in 1923. Jewish by origin and a committed pacifist, Einstein was forced to emigrate when Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933, and he secured an appointment at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton. In 1939, he wrote to Franklin D. Roosevelt expressing his concern that Germany might develop nuclear weapons first and urging the president to ensure that the United States prevented such an act. This provided the incentive for the Manhattan Project and the development of the atomic bomb in the United States. Einstein spent the rest of his career trying to establish the relationship between gravitation and electromagnetism.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • EINSTEIN, ALBERT — (1879–1955), physicist, discoverer of the theory of relativity, and Nobel Prize winner. Born in the German town of Ulm, son of the proprietor of a small electrochemical business, Einstein spent his early youth in Munich. He detested the military… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Einstein, Albert — born March 14, 1879, Ulm, Württemberg, Ger. died April 18, 1955, Princeton, N.J., U.S. German Swiss U.S. scientist. Born to a Jewish family in Germany, he grew up in Munich, and his family moved to Switzerland in 1894. He became a junior examiner …   Universalium

  • Einstein , Albert — (1879–1955) German–Swiss–American theoretical physicist Einstein was born at Ulm in Germany where his father was a manufacturer of electrical equipment. Business failure led his father to move the family first to Munich, where Einstein entered… …   Scientists

  • Einstein, Albert — (1879–1955)    German physicist, Nobel laureate 1921. The most famous scientist in the modern world did not look the part. He was a small, mild man with bushy hair, who usually dressed in an old polo necked sweater, loved to play the violin, and… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Einstein, Albert — (1879 1955)    physicist; postulated the theory of the relativity of mass. Born in Ulm, he spent much of his early life in Munich. Averse to classroom regimentation, he withdrew from school at fifteen, relin quished his citizenship, and joined… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Einstein, Albert — (1879–1955) German physicist and discoverer of the theory of relativity . Born in Ulm, Einstein received his scientific education in Zurich. After an undistinguished career as a student he found employment in the Patent Office in Bern, and it was …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Einstein, Albert — ► (1879 1955) Físico y matemático alemán, de origen judío. Fue premio Nobel de Física en 1921 por su descubrimiento de la ley del efecto fotoeléctrico. Estudió los fundamentos de la termodinámica, el movimiento browniano y contribuyó también a la …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • EINSTEIN, Albert — (1879 1955)    German/Jewish mathematician and physicist who emigrated to America and whose work radically changed our ideas about space and time. Together with Max PLANCK S quantum theory, Einstein s work on RELATIVITY laid the foundations for… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Einstein, Albert — (1879 AD 1955 AD)    A German born American mathematician and physicist who created the general and special theories of relativity. The general theory sees space and time as one object, not two separate ones. He also hypothesized the particle… …   The writer's dictionary of science fiction, fantasy, horror and mythology

  • Einstein,Albert — Ein·stein (īnʹstīn ), Albert. 1879 1955. German born American theoretical physicist whose special and general theories of relativity revolutionized modern thought on the nature of space and time and formed a theoretical base for the exploitation… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.