Famine Emergency Committee
   The Famine Emergency Committee was established by President Harry S. Truman in February 1946 in response to the food crisis that affected Europe in the immediate aftermath of World War II. In addition to issuing conservation orders diverting grain and dairy products to famine relief, Truman established a committee headed by former president Herbert Hoover to assess the situation and recommend solutions. In keeping with his approach to previous problems, Hoover believed that the main role of the committee was to “educate and inform,” and he did so mainly through personal visits to Asia, Europe, and Latin America. Bonus payments to farmers for wheat increased production and made it possible to ship 6 million tons to Europe by the summer of 1946.
   See also Agriculture.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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