First New Deal
   From about the mid-1930s on, the New Deal was often seen in two parts, the First New Deal and the Second New Deal. Although the lines of demarcation are not precise, the First New Deal is generally seen as covering the period 1933 to 1934—the “First Hundred Days” and beyond. The primary focus of the First New Deal was tackling the immediate problems of the Great Depression and providing relief and stimulating recovery. It came to an end in 1934 and 35 with mounting criticism from both left and right and with the Supreme Court’s decision to invalidate early legislation, like the National Industrial Recovery Act.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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