Frost, Robert Lee


Frost, Robert Lee
(1875-1963)
   Perhaps the greatest American poet of the 20th century, Robert Frost was born in San Francisco, California, but brought up in New Hampshire after his father’s early death. He was educated in Lawrence, Massachusetts, and went to Dartmouth College in 1892. He did not complete his university education but for a while divided his time between farming, teaching, and writing poetry. In 1912, he sold his farm and moved to England, and in 1913 he published his first collection of verse, A Boy’s Will. His second collection, North of Boston, was published in 1914. Having achieved some critical success, Frost and his family returned to the United States in 1915. Mountain Interval was published in 1916, and Frost was appointed to a teaching post at Amherst. He left his post in 1920, established a summer study program at Middlebury College, and was “poet in residence” at Ann Arbor. In 1923, Selected Poems and New Hampshire appeared. New Hampshire won the first of four Pulitzer Prizes that Frost was awarded. For the rest of his career, he divided his time between teaching appointments at different colleges.
   Frost produced several more volumes of poetry. His Collected Poems (1930), A Further Range (1936), and The Witness Tree (1942) were awarded Pulitzer Prizes, but the 1930s were marked by personal tragedy with the deaths of his daughter and wife and suicide of his son. Although not particularly politically engaged, Frost was fairly critical of Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal. After World War II, he wrote two plays in blank verse, A Masque of Reason (1945) and A Masque of Mercy (1947). Comparatively, he wrote very little after 1948. His last collection of poems, In the Clearing (1962), was well received. He was appointed as consultant on poetry at the Library of Congress from 1958 to 1959, and in 1961 he read one of his poems, “The Gift Outright,” at President John F. Kennedy’s inaugural and was awarded the Congressional Medal. Frost is remembered for his variations on blank verse and use of rural images and references to New England in a language easily accessible to the layperson.
   See also Literature and theater.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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  • Frost,Robert Lee — Frost (frôst, frŏst), Robert Lee. 1874 1963. American poet whose deceptively simple works, often set in rural New England, explore the relationships between individuals and between people and nature. His collections include A Boy s Will (1913)… …   Universalium

  • Frost, Robert (Lee) — born March 26, 1874, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. died Jan. 29, 1963, Boston, Mass. U.S. poet. Frost s family moved to New England early in his life. After stints at Dartmouth College and Harvard University and a difficult period as a teacher and… …   Universalium

  • Frost, Robert (Lee) — (26 mar. 1874, San Francisco, Cal., EE.UU.–29 ene. 1963, Boston, Mass.). Poeta estadounidense. La familia de Frost se trasladó a Nueva Inglaterra durante su niñez. Luego de un breve paso por Dartmouth College y la Universidad de Harvard y de una… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Frost, Robert Lee — ► (1875 1963) Poeta estadounidense. Obras: Intervalo en la montaña y Un árbol testigo, entre otras …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Frost, Robert Lee —    см. Фрост, Роберт …   Писатели США. Краткие творческие биографии

  • Robert Lee Frost — Robert Frost Robert Lee Frost (* 26. März 1874 in San Francisco, Kalifornien; † 29. Januar 1963 in Boston) war ein US amerikanischer Dichter und vierfacher Pulitzer Preisträger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Lee McCullum — Robert Nighthawk, geboren als Robert Lee McCullum, (* 30. November 1909 in Helana, Arkansas, USA; † 5. November 1967) war ein US amerikanischer Bluesmusiker. Robert Nighthawk wuchs auf einer Farm auf. Erste Erfahrungen mit der Musik sammelte er,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Frost, Robert — ▪ American poet Introduction in full  Robert Lee Frost  born March 26, 1874, San Francisco, California, U.S. died January 29, 1963, Boston, Massachusetts  American poet who was much admired for his depictions of the rural life of New England, his …   Universalium

  • Robert Lee Frost — noun United States poet famous for his lyrical poems on country life in New England (1874 1963) • Syn: ↑Frost, ↑Robert Frost • Derivationally related forms: ↑Frostian (for: ↑Frost) • Instance Hypernyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lee — /lee/, n. 1. Ann, 1736 84, British mystic: founder of Shaker sect in U.S. 2. Charles, 1731 82, American Revolutionary general, born in England. 3. Doris Emrick /em rik/, born 1905, U.S. painter. 4. Fitzhugh /fits hyooh / or, often, / yooh ; fits… …   Universalium

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