Fulbright, James William
(1905-1995)
   J. William Fulbright was born in Missouri, but he was raised in Arkansas and graduated from the University of Arkansas in 1925. He then studied at Oxford University, England, as a Rhodes Scholar until 1928. Upon his return to the United States, he taught at George Washington Law School and the University of Arkansas. In 1939, he became president of the University of Arkansas and the youngest college head in the country. In 1942, Fulbright began his political career when he was elected as a Democrat to the U.S. House of Representatives. In 1944, he was elected to the Senate and joined the Foreign Relations Committee. A committed internationalist, he supported the United Nations (UN) and in 1946 sponsored the educational exchange program, which was named after him. He also supported the Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan. Fulbright was a critic of Joseph McCarthy and right-wing groups like the John Birch Society. However, he opposed racial integration and in 1956 signed the Southern Manifesto against the Supreme Court’s decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, and he took part in the filibuster that tried to prevent passage of the 1964 Civil Rights Act.
   As chair of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee from 1959 until 1975, Fulbright was an influential voice on foreign affairs. Although he initially supported the Tonkin Resolution granting President Lyndon Johnson the power to increase U.S. involvement in the war in Vietnam, he subsequently came to regret it and wrote a critical study of U.S. policy in Asia, The Arrogance of Power, published in 1967. Fulbright supported the passage of the War Powers Act in 1973 limiting presidential war-making powers. He lost his seat in 1974 and worked in a law firm in Washington, D.C., also traveling and speaking widely on foreign affairs. In 1993, President Bill Clinton awarded him the Medal of Freedom in recognition of his work.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fulbright, James William — ▪ 1996       U.S. politician (b. April 9, 1905, Sumner, Mo. d. Feb. 9, 1995, Washington, D.C.), was the congressional sponsor (1946) of the international foreign exchange program that by 1995 had provided Fulbright educational scholarships to… …   Universalium

  • Fulbright, J. William — ▪ United States senator in full  James William Fulbright   born April 9, 1905, Sumner, Mo., U.S. died Feb. 9, 1995, Washington, D.C.       American senator who initiated the international exchange program for scholars known as the Fulbright… …   Universalium

  • James William Fulbright — (* 9. April 1905 in Sumner, Missouri; † 9. Februar 1995 in Washington) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Politik 3 Fulbright Programm …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James William Trimble — (* 3. Februar 1894 in Osage, Carroll County, Arkansas; † 10. März 1972 in Eureka Springs, Arkansas) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und vertrat als Demokrat den Bundesstaat Arkansas im US Repräsentantenhaus. Seine Amtszeit dauerte von 1945… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James William Fulbright — noun United States senator who is remembered for his creation of grants that fund exchange programs of teachers and students between the United States and other countries (1905 1995) • Syn: ↑Fulbright, ↑William Fulbright • Instance Hypernyms:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • James William Fulbright — n. William Fulbright (1905 1995), U.S. politician and senator (1945 1974), creator of grants that finance exchange programs of teachers and students between the USA and other countries …   English contemporary dictionary

  • William Fulbright — James William Fulbright (* 9. April 1905 in Sumner, Missouri; † 9. Februar 1995 in Washington) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Politik 3 Fulbright Programm …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fulbright Foundation — Die amerikanische Fulbright Kommission ist eine Organisation, die Stipendien für einen Studien , Forschungs oder Lehraufenthalt außerhalb der USA an US Amerikaner, sowie für Nichtamerikaner in den USA vergibt. Die österreichische Fulbright… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James — /jaymz/, n. 1. Also called James the Great. one of the 12 apostles, the son of Zebedee and brother of the apostle John. Matt. 4:21. 2. the person identified in Gal. 1:19 as a brother of Jesus: probably the author of the Epistle of St. James. 3.… …   Universalium

  • William — /wil yeuhm/, n. 1. a word formerly used in communications to represent the letter W. 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning will and helmet. * * * (as used in expressions) Huddie William Ledbetter Aberhart William George William… …   Universalium

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