Hearst, William Randolph


Hearst, William Randolph
(1863-1951)
   Future news magnate William Randolph Hearst was born in San Francisco, California. After studying at Harvard University from 1882 until 1885, he began a career as a journalist and gradually built up a newspaper empire, acquiring ownership of the San Francisco Examiner, Chicago American, New York Journal-American, and Daily Mirror. Hearst also owned several magazines, including International-Cosmopolitan, Harper’s Bazaar, and Good Housekeeping, and he created nationwide news syndicates. His papers became known for their sensationalism that earned the description “yellow journalism.” They were also known for their nationalism. He was reported to have said to artist Frederic Remington, who was in Cuba in 1898, “You furnish the pictures, and I’ll furnish the war.”
   Hearst entered politics as a Democrat, becoming a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1903 to 1907. He failed in his bid to become mayor of New York City in 1905 and 1909 and also in his attempt to become governor of New York in 1906. In 1908, he created his own Independence League in another attempt to win the gubernatorial race but failed again.
   During World War I, Hearst’s press adopted a passionately anti- British line that was abandoned once the United States entered the conflict. Hearst strongly opposed the League of Nations and U.S. participation in the Permanent Court of International Justice. He continued to be an influential voice during the 1920s, supporting Republican Calvin Coolidge. However, in 1932 the Hearst press initially backed Democrat John Nance Garner for the presidency but was persuaded to switch support to Franklin D. Roosevelt. Hearst gradually turned against the New Deal because of its regulation of business and taxation policies. In 1934, he visited Nazi Germany and returned as a committed crusader against communism. In 1936, he supported the candidacy of Alf Landon, but following Roosevelt’s victory he seemed to lose interest in politics. His newspapers continued to back the Republican candidates in 1940, 1944, and 1948.
   The Hearst empire was badly hit by the Great Depression, and he was forced to surrender control in 1937. Nonetheless, the company emerged from the crisis as the biggest publishing organization in the United States. Hearst’s great wealth was evident in the huge art collection he amassed at his home in San Simeon, California, and he provided the model for the fictional character in Orson Welles’s Citizen Kane (1941).

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hearst,William Randolph — Hearst (hûrst), William Randolph. 1863 1951. American newspaper and magazine publisher. Beginning with the San Francisco Examiner in 1887, he built the world s largest publishing empire, comprising 28 major newspapers. A passionate collector, he… …   Universalium

  • Hearst, William Randolph — born April 29, 1863, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. died Aug. 14, 1951, Beverly Hills, Calif. U.S. newspaper publisher. Hearst in 1887 took over the struggling San Francisco Examiner, which he remade into a successful blend of investigative… …   Universalium

  • Hearst, William Randolph, Jr. — ▪ 1994       U.S. journalist and newspaper proprietor (b. Jan. 27, 1908, New York, N.Y. d. May 14, 1993, New York), shared a 1956 Pulitzer Prize for international reporting shortly after being named editor in chief of the Hearst Corp. The… …   Universalium

  • Hearst, William Randolph — (29 abr. 1863, San Francisco, Cal., EE.UU.–14 ago. 1951, Beverly Hills, Cal.). Editor estadounidense de periódicos. En 1887, Hearst tomó el control del alicaído diario San Francisco Examiner, y lo reconstituyó gracias a una acertada combinación… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • William Randolph Hearst — William Randolph Hearst …   Wikipedia Español

  • William Randolph Hearst (disambiguation) — William Randolph Hearst may refer to: *William Randolph Hearst (1863–1951), American newspaper magnate *William Randolph Hearst, Jr. (1908–1993), son of William Randolph Hearst *William Randolph Hearst II (born 1942), grandson of William Randolph …   Wikipedia

  • William Randolph Hearst — Infobox Person name = William Randolph Hearst image size = 170px caption = birth date = birth date|1863|4|29|mf=y birth place = San Francisco, California, USA death date = death date and age|1951|8|14|1863|4|29 death place = Beverly Hills,… …   Wikipedia

  • William Randolph Hearst, Jr. — For other people named William Randolph Hearst, see William Randolph Hearst (disambiguation) William Randolph Hearst, Jr. (January 27, 1908 – May 14, 1993) became editor in chief of Hearst Newspapers after the death of his father, William… …   Wikipedia

  • William Randolph Hearst — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hearst. William Randolph Hearst William Randolph Hearst, né à San Francisco le 29 avril  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William Randolph Hearst — noun United States newspaper publisher whose introduction of large headlines and sensational reporting changed American journalism (1863 1951) • Syn: ↑Hearst • Instance Hypernyms: ↑publisher, ↑newspaper publisher * * * William Randolph Hearst… …   Useful english dictionary

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