Houston, Charles Hamilton
(1895-1950)
   Born in Washington, D.C., Charles Houston graduated from Amherst in 1915 and taught literature at Howard University before joining the artillery and serving as an officer in France during World War I. After the war, he went to Harvard Law School and became the first black editor of the Harvard Law Review. He graduated in 1922 and became the first African American to obtain the doctorate in judicial science at Harvard in 1923. From 1924 until 1950 Houston practiced law in Washington, D.C., and taught at Howard Law School from 1924 to 1936. He became head of the law school in 1929. In 1935, he became special counsel for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, and it was Houston who devised the long-term legal strategy of challenging the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson decision that underpinned the system of segregation in the South. Although suffering from ill-health, he assisted his successor as chief counsel, Thurgood Marshall, in a number of cases that culminated in the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka decision in 1954.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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  • Houston, Charles Hamilton — ▪ American lawyer and educator born September 3, 1895, Washington, D.C., U.S. died April 22, 1950, Washington, D.C.       American lawyer and educator instrumental in laying the legal groundwork that led to U.S. Supreme Court rulings outlawing… …   Universalium

  • Charles Hamilton Houston — Born September 3, 1895(1895 09 03) Washington, D.C. Died April 22, 1950(1950 04 22) (aged 54) Washington, D.C. Nationality United States …   Wikipedia

  • Hamilton — /ham euhl teuhn/, n. 1. Alexander, 1757 1804, American statesman and writer on government: the first Secretary of the Treasury 1789 97; mortally wounded by Aaron Burr in a duel. 2. Edith, 1867 1963, U.S. classical scholar and writer. 3. Lady Emma …   Universalium

  • Houston — /hyooh steuhn/, n. 1. Sam(uel), 1793 1863, U.S. soldier and political leader: president of the Republic of Texas 1836 38 and 1841 44. 2. a city in SE Texas: a port on a ship canal, ab. 50 mi. (80 km) from the Gulf of Mexico. 1,594,086. * * * I… …   Universalium

  • Charles — /chahrlz/, n. 1. (Prince of Edinburgh and of Wales) born 1948, heir apparent to the throne of Great Britain (son of Elizabeth II). 2. Ray (Ray Charles Robinson), born 1930, U.S. blues singer and pianist. 3. Cape, a cape in E Virginia, N of the… …   Universalium

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  • Charles Houston — is the name of: Charles Snead Houston (1913–2009), American mountaineer, physician, scientist, and Peace Corps worker Charles Hamilton Houston (1895–1950), American civil rights lawyer and educator Charles Houston (actor) (1931–2006), British… …   Wikipedia

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