Kennan, George Frost


Kennan, George Frost
(1904- )
   Diplomat and foreign policy specialist George F. Kennan was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. After graduating from Princeton University in 1925, he joined the Foreign Service and filled a number of State Department posts, most significantly as a member of the first U.S. mission to the Soviet Union (USSR) from 1933 to 1936. His experience there shaped his views of the Soviet Union, and those views influenced U.S. postwar foreign policy during the Cold War. From Russia, Kennan went to Prague and Berlin, and during World War II he was a counselor in Lisbon before returning to Moscow in 1944. In July 1946, he sent the famous “long telegram” back to the State Department outlining the postwar situation with regard to the USSR and the West. A version of this was subsequently published under the pseudonym “X” in Foreign Affairs. According to Kennan, the Soviet Union was committed to a policy of expansion, but if met at every point with firm “containment,” the Communist state would collapse from its own inherent weaknesses. Although he stressed the use of economic power, the policy translated into the Truman Doctrine, and later the “domino theory” became one of military rivalry and confrontation known as the Cold War and spread from Europe across the rest of the globe. After briefly serving as ambassador to the USSR in the 1950s, Kennan became professor of historical studies at the Princeton Institute for Advanced Studies where he authored a number of texts, including American Diplomacy 1900-1950 (1951), Soviet-American Relations, 1917-1941 (1956), and his own Memoirs, 1925-1950 (1968). Kennan subsequently claimed that his theories had been wrongly applied, and he argued against U.S. involvement in Vietnam on the grounds that the issue there was nationalism not communism and that the outcome was not a matter of U.S. national security.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kennan,George Frost — Ken·nan (kĕnʹən), George Frost. Born 1904. American diplomat and historian who recommended the policy of containment toward Soviet aggression. He served as U.S. ambassador to the USSR (1952) and Yugoslavia (1961 1963). His written works include… …   Universalium

  • Kennan, George Frost — ▪ 2006       American diplomat (b. Feb. 16, 1904, Milwaukee, Wis. d. March 17, 2005, Princeton, N.J.), defined U.S. foreign policy during the Cold War as principal architect of the “containment policy” against the expansionism of the Soviet Union …   Universalium

  • George Frost Kennan — George F. Kennan, 1940er George Frost Kennan (* 16. Februar 1904 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin; † 17. März 2005 in Princeton, New Jersey) war Historiker und einer der bedeutendsten Diplomaten der USA. Sein Name ist …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George Frost (disambiguation) — George Frost may refer to:*George Frost, American seaman, jurist, and statesman *George Albert Frost (1843 1907), American artist *George Frost (cricketer) (1848 1913), English cricketer *George Frost Kennan, U.S. diplomat …   Wikipedia

  • Kennan, George F. — ▪ American diplomat and historian in full  George Frost Kennan  born February 16, 1904, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S. died March 17, 2005, Princeton, New Jersey       American diplomat and historian best known for his successful advocacy of a… …   Universalium

  • George Frost Kennan — noun United States diplomat who recommended a policy of containment in dealing with Soviet aggression (1904 2005) • Syn: ↑Kennan, ↑George F. Kennan • Hypernyms: ↑diplomat, ↑diplomatist …   Useful english dictionary

  • George F. Kennan — Infobox US Ambassador name=George F. Kennan imagesize= order= ambassador from=United States country=the Soviet Union term start=May 14, 1952 term end=September 19, 1952 predecessor=Alan G. Kirk successor=Charles E. Bohlen president= order2=… …   Wikipedia

  • frost — frostless, adj. frostlike, adj. /frawst, frost/, n. 1. a degree or state of coldness sufficient to cause the freezing of water. 2. Also called hoarfrost. a covering of minute ice needles, formed from the atmosphere at night upon the ground and… …   Universalium

  • Frost — /frawst, frost/, n. Robert (Lee), 1874 1963, U.S. poet. * * * I Atmospheric moisture that crystallizes directly on the ground and on exposed objects. The term also refers to the occurrence of subfreezing temperatures that affect plants and crops …   Universalium

  • George F. Kennan — noun United States diplomat who recommended a policy of containment in dealing with Soviet aggression (1904 2005) • Syn: ↑Kennan, ↑George Frost Kennan • Hypernyms: ↑diplomat, ↑diplomatist …   Useful english dictionary

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