Art
   The visual arts captured and reflected the effects of the Depression in a number of ways, sometimes paradoxical. While photographers, particularly those working for the Farm Security Administration, depicted the poverty and suffering brought about by the economic crisis or the devastation of the land during the Dust Bowl in countless black and white images, painters often seemed to look back to the American past as a symbol of hope for the future. Regionalists and others like Grant Wood and Thomas Hart Benton concerned with the American scene painted rich, lush, colorful landscapes. Some working in the Federal Art Project painted murals celebrating American achievements and workers, while others, like Ben Shahn provided some bleaker images of the Dust Bowl in federal posters and adverts. Edward Hopper produced bright, cheerful images of the New England coast but at the same time dark views of urban loneliness and alienation. During World War II, a number of artists like Shahn were employed to produce posters for the Office of War Information. Norman Rockwell’s Four Freedoms series also appeared as covers for the Saturday Evening Post. By the end of the war, a new school of abstract expressionism—perhaps influenced by the many European exiles—was appearing and was best represented by Jackson Pollock and Mark Rothko. Both of these artists were among those exhibited at Peggy Guggenheim’s Art of the Century gallery in New York City in October 1942.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • art — art …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • art — [ ar ] n. m. • Xe, d ab. « science, savoir », puis « moyen, méthode »; lat. ars, artis; souv. fém. jusqu au XVIe I ♦ Ensemble de moyens, de procédés réglés qui tendent à une fin. 1 ♦ (1160) Vx Moyen d obtenir un résultat (par l effet d aptitudes… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • art — 1. (ar ; le t ne se lie pas : l art oratoire, dites : ar oratoire, et non l ar t oratoire ; au pluriel l s ne se lie pas, les arts et les sciences, dites : les ar et les sciences ; cependant cette liaison plaît à quelques uns, qui disent : les ar …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • art — ART. s. m. Méthode pour faire un ouvrage selon certaines règles. Art noble. Art vil et abject. Savoir un art. Savoir l art. Les termes de l art. Les préceptes de l art. Les règles de l art, les procédés de l art. Les secrets de l art. Le sublime… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • art — ART. s. m. La regle & la methode de bien faire un ouvrage. Arts liberaux. Arts mechaniques. les sept Arts liberaux. Art noble. Art vil & abjet. sçavoir un Art. sçavoir l Art. les termes de l Art. les preceptes de l Art. reduire quelque chose en… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • art — n 1 Art, skill, cunning, artifice, craft can mean the faculty of performing or executing expertly what is planned or devised. Art is not actually a comprehensive term but is so variable in its implications that it is interchangeable with any one… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • art — art; art·ful; art·ful·ly; art·ful·ness; art·i·ly; art·i·ness; art·ist; art·ist·ry; art·less; art·less·ly; art·less·ness; art·o·gra·vure; land·art; ly·art; stew·art·ite; stew·art·ry; stew·art; tu·art; art·mo·bile; stu·art; …   English syllables

  • art — Art, Ars, Artificium, Techna. Ars liberaux, Artes ingenuae. L art de tailler images, Statuaria ars. Art magique et d enchanterie, Magice, magices, Magia, magiae. Appartenant à art Magique, Magicus. Art de Musique, Musica ars. L art de nombrer et… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Art — ([aum]rt), n. [F. art, L. ars, artis, orig., skill in joining or fitting; prob. akin to E. arm, aristocrat, article.] 1. The employment of means to accomplish some desired end; the adaptation of things in the natural world to the uses of life;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Art — bezeichnet: Art (Biologie), Grundeinheit der biologischen Systematik Art (Philosophie), Begriff, der aus gemeinsamen Merkmalen von Individualbegriffen gebildet ist Art (Texas), Ort in den USA art – Das Kunstmagazin, deutsche Zeitschrift Art… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ART — o ART puede referirse a: Arte Arte, en varios idiomas. Art decó, un movimiento de diseño popular a partir de 1920 hasta 1939 Art rock, un amplio subgénero de la música rock que se caracteriza por su tendencia experimental. Op art, un movimiento… …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”