National Association Of Manufacturers
(NAM)
   Formed in 1895 in Cincinnati, Ohio, originally with 583 companies involved, NAM became one of the most influential business organizations in the United States. During World War I and immediately afterward, it pressed for the “open shop” and supported the “American Plan” as a way of resisting trade union growth. Membership in the mid-1920s was 5,350, but it fell during the Great Depression to less than 1,500. Led by Robert L. Lund, NAM opposed much of the New Deal and spent more than $15 million between 1934 and 1947 on a media campaign against what it saw as antibusiness policies. From the mid-1930s, it grew in strength again to about 3,000 members. NAM consistently campaigned against Franklin D. Roosevelt. After World War II, the association lobbied strongly in support of the Taft-Hartley Act and helped ensure that it passed over Harry S. Truman’s veto. By 1952, its membership was approximately 16,000 companies. It continues to be a significant voice for business.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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