National Security Council Report 68
(NSC-68)
   Following the fall of China to the communists and the end of the U.S. atomic monopoly with the testing of an atomic bomb by the Soviet Union in 1949, the National Security Council (NSC) reassessed U.S. foreign policy. Their report in April 1950, National Security Council Report 68, predicted an “indefinite period of tension and danger” requiring determined action to resist attempted Soviet world domination. The report, primarily authored by Paul Nitze, called for a huge increase in defense spending to ensure greater military preparedness and a strengthening of the West’s defensive capabilities.
   Following the outbreak of the Korean War in June 1950, military spending was increased, rising from $13.5 billion in 1950 to nearly $50 billion a year later. In providing a blueprint for military rather than economic and political action, NSC-68 was seen as marking an escalation in the Cold War.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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