North Atlantic Treaty Organization
(NATO)
   Established in January 1950 to implement the provisions of the North Atlantic Treaty, NATO established a center in Brussels, Belgium, and in 1951 the Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) was created in France with General Dwight D. Eisenhower as its first commander. Following the incorporation of the Federal Republic of Germany into NATO in 1955, the Soviet Union responded by creating the Warsaw Pact, a military alliance of communist-dominated Eastern Europe. In 1966, France left NATO because of what it perceived as U.S. domination. Nonetheless, NATO continued in existence, although its role was increasingly questioned with the end of the Cold War in 1990. However, it was recently enrolled in the “war against terror,” and its membership expanded with the inclusion of a number of former Soviet satellites in Eastern Europe.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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