Pearl Harbor
   Located on the island of Oahu in Hawaii, Pearl Harbor became the base for the U.S. Pacific Fleet in April 1940 in response to growing tensions between the United States and Japan. As relations further deteriorated and war seemed likely, in January 1941 the Japanese admiral, Isoruku Yamamoto, began to plan a surprise preemptive attack on the harbor. When this was approved by the government of Hideki Tojo, Yamamoto moved his fleet to the Kurile Islands in November and early in the morning of 7 December launched an air attack from 275 miles north of Pearl Harbor.
   Although U.S. intelligence knew an attack was imminent, they had no idea of where or when. At the time of the bombing, negotiations between Japan and the Roosevelt administration were still ongoing in Washington, D.C. In two hours, on a day Roosevelt said would “live in infamy,” the Japanese sank 18 warships, destroyed almost 200 aircraft, and killed 2,403 U.S. service personnel. The U.S. aircraft carriers were at sea and escaped damage. Other vital resources remained undamaged, and the attack did not prove to be the devastating setback the Japanese had wanted. Rather, it provided the rally cry, “Remember Pearl Harbor” and helped bring about the rapid mobilization of the U.S. war effort. The Pearl Harbor site is now a national historic site, and the sunken USS Arizona remains a memorial to those who died.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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  • Pearl Harbor — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Pearl Harbor (desambiguación). Vista aérea de Pearl Harbor. Pearl Harbor es un complejo portuario y base militar, ubicado en la isla de Oahu, perteneciente …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pearl Harbor —   [ pəːl hɑːbə], Flottenstützpunkt der USA an der Südküste der Hawaii Insel Oahu, westlich von Honolulu. Am 7. 12. 1941 gelang es den Japanern, kurz vor der Kriegserklärung an die USA mit einem Überraschungsangriff trägergestützter Kampfflugzeuge …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pearl Harbor — er en amerikansk flådebase på øen Oahu, Hawaii. Flådebasen var ramme om slaget om Pearl Harbor der var Japans indledende angreb på USA under 2. verdenskrig …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Pearl Harbor —    Film de guerre de Michael Bay, avec Ben Affleck, Josh Hartnett, Kate Beckinsale, Cuba Gooding Jr.   Pays: États Unis   Date de sortie: 2001   Technique: Couleurs   Durée: 3 h 02    Résumé    Spectaculaire reconstitution de l attaque surprise… …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

  • Pearl Harbor — (izg. pȅrl hàrbor) m DEFINICIJA ratna luka u istoimenom zaljevu na J obali otoka Oahua (Havajsko otočje); iznenadnim napadom 7. 12. 1941. japanske pomorsko zračne snage onesposobile su značajan dio američke pacifičke flote usidrene u luci i time… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Pearl Harbor — [after the pearl oysters once there] inlet on the S coast of Oahu, Hawaii, near Honolulu: site of a U.S. naval base bombed by Japan, Dec. 7, 1941 …   English World dictionary

  • Pearl Harbor — es un complejo portuario y base militar, ubicado en la isla de Oahu, perteneciente al archipiélago de las Hawai, célebre por haber sido objetivo de un ataque preventivo por parte de Japón, ante el bloqueo económico que estaba ejerciendo Estados… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pearl Harbor — base aéronavale des È. U., dans l île d Oahu (une des Hawaii). Le 7 déc. 1941, sans déclaration de guerre, les Japonais y détruisirent une partie import. de la flotte américaine du Pacifique et 159 avions; cette agression provoqua l entrée en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Pearl Harbor — a U.S. Navy base in Hawaii that was attacked on December 7, 1941, by Japanese airplanes. Because of the attack, the U.S. announced that it would fight in World War II …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Pearl Harbor — This article is about the historical naval base. For its current operations as a military base, see Joint Base Pearl Harbor Hickam. For other uses, see Pearl Harbor (disambiguation). Pearl Harbor, U.S. Naval Base U.S. National Register of… …   Wikipedia

  • Pearl Harbor — 21°22′00″N 157°57′00″O / 21.366667, 157.95 (Pearl Harbor) …   Wikipédia en Français

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