Baruch, Bernard Mannes

   Born in South Carolina, after graduating from City College in New York, Bernard Baruch became a financier and successful Wall Street broker and investor. He supported Woodrow Wilson in 1912 and was appointed to the Advisory Commission to the Council of National Defense in 1916. In 1918, he became chairman of the War Industries Board, where he directed the industrial war effort. He helped formulate the economic provisions of the Versailles Treaty. Baruch was less in the public eye during the 1920s and 1930s. His plans for wartime industrial mobilization were presented to the Senate Military Affairs Committee in 1937. As special “park bench” adviser to Franklin D. Roosevelt’s administration during World War II, he chaired the Rubber Survey Committee that drafted an influential report on rubber rationing, and he also authored a report on postwar conversion. In 1946, President Harry S. Truman named the 70-five-year-old Baruch to present the U.S. plan for the international control of atomic energy drafted by Dean Acheson and David E. Lilienthal, but known as the Baruch Plan, to the United Nations. Despite a dramatic opening speech by Baruch, the negotiations came to naught due to a veto by the Soviet Union. Baruch’s influence subsequently declined.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Baruch,Bernard Mannes — Ba·ruch (bə ro͞okʹ), Bernard Mannes. 1870 1965. American stock broker, public official, and political adviser for every President from Woodrow Wilson to John F. Kennedy. * * * …   Universalium

  • Baruch, Bernard Mannes — (1870–1965)    US financier and presidential adviser. ‘Barney’ Baruch made a fortune as a stockbroker by acquiring an expert knowledge of the international market in raw materials. In World War I, President Wilson put him in charge of the… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Baruch, Bernard (Mannes) — born Aug. 19, 1870, Camden, S.C., U.S. died June 20, 1965, New York, N.Y. U.S. financier and adviser to presidents. After graduating from the College of the City of New York in 1889, he went to work in Wall Street brokerage houses, where he… …   Universalium

  • Baruch, Bernard (Mannes) — (19 ago. 1870, Camden, S.C., EE.UU.– 20 jun. 1965, Nueva York, N.Y.). Financista estadounidense y asesor presidencial. Se graduó en el City College de Nueva York en 1889 e ingresó a trabajar en las oficinas de corredores de Wall Street, donde… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Baruch, Bernard — ▪ United States government official in full  Bernard Mannes Baruch   born Aug. 19, 1870, Camden, S.C., U.S. died June 20, 1965, New York, N.Y.  American financier who was an adviser to U.S. presidents.       After graduating from the College of… …   Universalium

  • Bernard Mannes Baruch — noun economic advisor to United States Presidents (1870 1965) • Syn: ↑Baruch, ↑Bernard Baruch • Instance Hypernyms: ↑financier, ↑moneyman, ↑statesman, ↑solon, ↑national leader …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bernard — Bernard, Claude * * * (as used in expressions) Albinus, Bernard Siegfried Baruch, Bernard (Mannes) Berenson, Bernard Bernard, Claude Henriette Rosine Bernard Bosanquet, Bernard Bernard Schwartz De Voto, Bernard (Augustine) Foucault, Jean (Bernard …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Baruch College — Coordinates: 40°44′25″N 73°59′00″W / 40.740159°N 73.98338°W / 40.740159; 73.98338 …   Wikipedia

  • Baruch — /bair euhk/ for 1; /beuh roohk / for 2, 3, n. 1. the amanuensis and friend of Jeremiah and nominal author of the book of Baruch in the Apocrypha. Jer. 32:12. 2. Bernard Mannes /man euhs/, 1870 1965, U.S. statesman and financier. 3. a male given… …   Universalium

  • Baruch — noun 1. economic advisor to United States Presidents (1870 1965) • Syn: ↑Bernard Baruch, ↑Bernard Mannes Baruch • Instance Hypernyms: ↑financier, ↑moneyman, ↑statesman, ↑solon, ↑national leader …   Useful english dictionary

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