Television
   Television (TV) was only just developing at the end of the 1930s, with only one station in New York City and about 1,000 sets in operation by 1939. By 1941, there were 13 stations and the 521 lines of signal had become standard, but World War II diverted attention and resources, and development slowed until after 1945. In 1946, the three TV networks were the American Broadcasting Company (ABC), Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS), and National Broadcasting Company (NBC), and from the late 1940s onward television sales began to steadily increase. Although primarily black and white, color TV was already available from about 1950. By October 1950, there were 8 million TV sets in operation. By 1955, almost half of U.S. homes, more than 25 million, already had TV.
   The first drama series, the Kraft Television Theater, began in1947; Gillette paid $100,000 to sponsor the return boxing match between Joe Louis and Jersey Joe Walcott; the comedy series I Love Lucy began in 1951 and was watched in more than 10 million homes a year later; and The Today Show began in 1952. The growing significance of the new medium was apparent in September 1952 when Republican vice presidential candidate Richard M. Nixon made the first televised public appeal directly to voters in his “Checkers” Speech. Equally significant were the televised Army-McCarthy hearings that were broadcast between April and June 1954 and at times watched by 20 million people, when the true character of Joseph McCarthy was exposed.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • TÉLÉVISION — La télévision est devenue un fait social de première importance puisque, dans les pays les plus développés, il y avait, en 1990, environ dix récepteurs de télévision pour vingt cinq habitants. Grâce à l’électronique, certains spectacles,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Television — Télévision « Télé » et « TV » redirigent ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Télé (homonymie) et TV (homonymie). Pour les articles homonymes, voir télévi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Television — Основная информация Жанры …   Википедия

  • television — UK US /ˈtelɪvɪʒən/ noun [U] (also TV) ► COMMUNICATIONS a system of broadcasting images and sound using electrical signals, and the programmes that are shown: on (the) television »Consumer programmes on the television have enjoyed a rise in… …   Financial and business terms

  • televisión — sustantivo femenino 1. Área: tecnología Uso/registro: coloquial. Sistema de transmisión de imágenes y sonidos a distancia por medio de ondas hertzianas: programa de televisión, presentador de televisión, estudios de televisión. Veo poca… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • television — [tel′ə vizh΄ən] n. [ TELE + VISION] 1. the practice or science of transmitting scenes or views by radio or, sometimes, by wire: the television transmitter, by means of a camera tube, such as an image orthicon or vidicon, converts light rays into… …   English World dictionary

  • Television — Sf Fernsehen (meist TV abgekürzt) erw. fach. (20. Jh.) Neoklassische Bildung. Entlehnt aus ne. television; dieses ist eine Hybridbildung aus gr. tẽle fern und l. visio Sicht .    Ebenso nndl. televisie, ne. television, nfrz. télévision, nschw.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • television — (n.) 1907, the action of seeing by means of Hertzian waves or otherwise, what is existing or happening at a place concealed or distant from the observer s eyes [OED]; in theoretical discussions about sending images by radio transmission, formed… …   Etymology dictionary

  • television — ► NOUN 1) a system for converting visual images (with sound) into electrical signals, transmitting them by radio or other means, and displaying them electronically on a screen. 2) the activity, profession, or medium of broadcasting on television …   English terms dictionary

  • Television — actorvist adrenaline television appointment television backstory baked potato barking head begathon …   New words

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”