Benton, Thomas Hart
(1889-1975)
   Born in Neosho, Missouri, Thomas Hart Benton briefly attended military school before going to study at Chicago Art Institute in 1906 and then in Paris from 1908 to 1911. In 1913, he moved to New York City, where he had his first successful show in 1916 as part of a modernist collection in the Forum exhibition. He served in the navy during World War I and afterward abandoned modernism in favor of the American scene and the rural emphasis associated with regionalism during the 1930s. During the 1920s, he completed 18 works as part of The American Historical Epic, and in 1930 he produced a series of murals entitled America Today. The vibrant colors and depictions of ordinary working people led some critics to compare him to both right- and leftwing art. His Indiana murals painted in 1933 to mark a Century of Progress and those in The Social History of the State of Missouri in the state capitol in Jefferson, Missouri, celebrated American settlement but also depicted scenes of racism and violence. Nonetheless, Benton made the cover of Time magazine in December 1934 and was regarded as one of the country’s leading artists.
   The richness of color and content in Benton’s voluptuous rural scenes, such as Cradling Wheat (1938) and Threshing Wheat (1939), were in stark contrast to the arid landscapes of the Dust Bowl recorded by the photographers of the Farm Security Administration. His autobiography, An Artist in America, appeared in 1937. From 1935 to 1941 Benton taught at the Kansas City Art Institute, where one of his students was Jackson Pollock, and during World War II he produced several paintings of Nazi atrocities. Although his style went out of fashion in the 1940s and 1950s, in 1961 he completed another mural depicting historical scenes, Independence and the Opening of the West, in the Truman library in Independence, Missouri.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Benton, Thomas Hart — I (14 mar. 1782, cerca de Hillsborough, N.C., EE.UU.–10 abr. 1858, Washington, D.C.). Político estadounidense. Luego de trasladarse a St. Louis, Mo. (1815), ocupó el puesto de director del periódico St. Louis Enquirer. Con el apoyo de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Benton, Thomas Hart — I born April 15, 1889, Neosho, Mo., U.S. died Jan. 19, 1975, Kansas City, Mo. U.S. painter and muralist. He studied at the Art Institute of Chicago and at the Académie Julian in Paris, where he came into contact with Synchromism and Cubism. In… …   Universalium

  • Benton,Thomas Hart — I. Ben·ton1 (bĕnʹtən), Thomas Hart. Called “Old Bullion.” 1782 1858. American legislator. A U.S. senator (1821 1851) and representative (1853 1855) from Missouri, he staunchly opposed the use of paper currency.   II. Benton2, Thomas Hart. 1889… …   Universalium

  • Thomas Hart Benton (Politiker) — Thomas Hart Benton Thomas Hart Benton (* 14. März 1782 auf einer Farm bei Hillsborough, North Carolina; † 10. April 1858 in Washington D.C.) war ein bedeutender US amerikanischer Politiker. Er siedelte nach Ten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas Hart Benton (politician) — This article is about the Senator. For his great nephew, see Thomas Hart Benton (painter). Thomas Hart Benton Senator Benton as he appears at the National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Hart Benton (sénateur) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Thomas Hart Benton. Sénateur Thomas Hart Benton Thomas Hart Benton, surnommé « Old Bullion » (14 mars …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thomas hart benton (peintre) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Thomas Hart Benton. Portrait de Thomas Benton, 16 avril 1935. Carl Van Vechten Collection de la …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thomas Hart Benton — may refer to:* Thomas Hart Benton (senator) (1782 1858), great uncle of the painter of the same name * Thomas Hart Benton (painter) (1889 1975)ee also* Thomas Hart * Thomas Benton …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Hart Benton — war ein US amerikanischer Politiker (1782–1858), siehe Thomas Hart Benton (Politiker) ein US amerikanischer Maler (1889–1975), siehe Thomas Hart Benton (Maler) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterschei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas Hart — or Tom Hart may refer to:* Tom Hart (comics), U.S. comics creator * Thomas C. Hart (1877 1971), U.S. naval admiral * Thomas N. Hart (1829 1927), mayor of Boston from 1889 to 1890 and from 1900 to 1902.ee also* Thomas Hart Benton (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”