Wyler, William
(1902-1981)
   Born Willi Weiller to Jewish parents in Mulhausen, Alsace (then part of Germany), William Wyler immigrated to the United States in 1920 to take a job in the New York office of the Universal Film Company. In 1922, he moved to work in their studios in California, and he directed his first film, Crook Buster, in 1925. He became one of the great cinema directors of the 1930s and 1940s, second only to John Ford. Wyler’s first major film was Hell’s Heroes in 1930. He began working with Samuel Goldwyn in the mid-1930s and achieved critical success with Dodsworth in 1936. His first major success, winning him an Oscar for Best Direction, was Miss Miniver in 1942, a portrayal of a British family during the war that did much to encourage U.S. support. Once the United States entered World War II, Wyler served as a major in the Army Air Corps and made an acclaimed documentary, Memphis Belle: The Story of a Flying Fortress, in 1944. After the war, he won a second Oscar for Best Director in 1946 for The Best Years of Our Lives, the story of three returning veterans. Wyler went on to make other acclaimed films, including Roman Holiday (1953), The Big Country (1958), The Heiress (1959), and the epic Ben Hur (1959), which won 11 Oscars, including Best Director. Wyler’s last film was The Liberation of L.B. Jones in 1970. Known for his exacting standards and many takes, Wyler’s films often stood the test of time. He was awarded a Lifetime Achievement Award by the American Film Institute.
   See also Cinema.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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  • WYLER, WILLIAM — (1902–1981), U.S. film director and producer. Born in Mulhouse, Alsace, Wyler emigrated to the United States in 1920 with his uncle, carl laemmle , head of Universal Pictures. In 1925 he directed the first of 50 two reel Westerns, starting his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Wyler, William — • УА ЙЛЕР (Wyler) Уильям (1.7.1902 28.7.1981)    амер. режиссёр. Род. в Эльзасе. Учился в Высш. коммерч. школе в Лозанне, затем в Парижской консерватории. С 1920 в Голливуде. В 1925 дебютировал постановкой вестерна Плут Бастер . Сняв более 20 к/м …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Wyler, William — born July 1, 1902, Mulhouse, France died July 27, 1981, Beverly Hills, Calif., U.S. French born U.S. film director. After studies in France and Switzerland, he immigrated to New York in 1920. Working for Universal Pictures, he became a director… …   Universalium

  • Wyler,William — Wy·ler (wīʹlər), William. 1902 1981. American filmmaker who directed such film classics as Jezebel (1938), Wuthering Heights (1939), and Ben Hur (1959). * * * …   Universalium

  • Wyler, William —    см. Уайлер, Уильям …   Режиссерская энциклопедия. Кино США

  • Wyler, William — ► (1902 81) Director cinematográfico estadounidense. Destacó como adaptador de obras literarias (Jezabel, 1938; Cumbres borrascosas, 1939, etc.), para seguir luego una línea mucho más personal. Galardonado con tres Oscar (1942, 1946 y 1959) por… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wyler — Wyler, William …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • WYLER (W.) — WYLER WILLIAM (1902 1981) En 1948 on venait de découvrir, en France, les films tournés à Hollywood depuis 1940 par William Wyler , André Bazin écrivit pour les numéros 10 et 11 de La Revue du cinéma de Jean George Auriol, une étude restée… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Wyler — may refer to:People* Gretchen Wyler * Mason Wyler * Robert Wyler * William WylerGeography* Wyler, North Rhine Westphalia A village in the district Cleves, North Rhine Westphalia, Germany * Wyler, Netherlands The Dutch part of above village, in… …   Wikipedia

  • William S. Maugham — William Somerset Maugham 1934 Fotograf: Carl van Vechten William Somerset Maugham [ˈsʌməsɪt mɔːm] (* 25. Januar 1874 in Paris; † 16. Dezember 1965 in Saint Jean Cap Ferrat bei Nizza) war ein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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