- Bogart, Humphrey Deforest
- (1899-1957)Born into a wealthy family in New York City, Humphrey Bogart served in the navy during World War I and then held a variety of jobs before finding work in the theater in the 1920s. In 1931, he signed a contract with Fox but was not particularly successful until he appeared in The Petrified Forest in 1936. Rather than being conventionally handsome, his rugged looks suited him for parts as a well-worn, world-weary character like those described in the novels of Dashiell Hammett and Raymond Chandler. Bogart appeared as the hero in both The Maltese Falcon (1941) and The Big Sleep (1946). Among his best films are High Sierra (1941), Casablanca (1942), To Have and Have Not (1944) with Lauren Bacall, The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (1948), Key Largo (1948) with Bacall and Edward G. Robinson, The African Queen (1951), The Caine Mutiny (1954), and The Desperate Hours (1955). He won Academy Awards for both The African Queen and The Caine Mutiny. Bogart actively campaigned against the House Un-American Activities Committee’s investigations of Hollywood in 1947 and the introduction of the blacklist. However, faced with criticism in the press, he did not pursue this position. Bogart died of cancer in 1957.
Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . Neil A. Wynn . 2015.