Bridges, Harry

   Born in Australia, militant trade unionist Alfred Renton Bridges became known as Harry after he had come to the United States in 1920. He joined the Industrial Workers of the World in 1921 and later became an active trade union organizer within the International Longshoremen’s Association (ILA) among the dockworkers and longshoremen of San Francisco, California. In May 1934, he led the West Coast Longshore Strike. In 1935, he was elected president of the pacific coast district of the ILA. The pacific branch left the ILA in 1937 to form the International Longshoremen’s and Warehousemen’s Union and affiliated with the Congress of Industrial Organizations. Attempts to deport Bridges in 1938 on the grounds of his supposed membership in the Communist Party of the United States of America failed in 1939. A second attempt in 1941 also failed, and the Supreme Court overturned the attorney general’s attempts to insist on deportation in 1945. In 1949, Bridges was tried for perjury because of his denial of Communist Party membership when he sought naturalization, but the conviction was also overturned by the Supreme Court in 1953. The government’s attempts to revoke Bridges’s citizenship—granted in 1945—in the civil courts finally ended in 1954. He was, however, jailed briefly for making critical comments about the Korean War. He retired from union work in 1977.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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  • Bridges, Harry — orig. Alfred Bryant Renton born July 28, 1901, Kensington, near Melbourne, Vic., Austl. died March 30, 1990, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. Australian born U.S. labour leader. He arrived in the U.S. as a seaman in 1920, and he soon settled in San… …   Universalium

  • Bridges, Harry — orig. Alfred Bryant Renton (28 jul. 1901, Kensington, cerca de Melbourne, Victoria, Australia–30 mar. 1990, San Francisco, Cal., EE.UU.). Líder laboral de estadounidense de origen australiano. Llegó a EE.UU. en 1920 como marinero, estableciéndose …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bridges,Harry — Bridg·es (brĭjʹĭz), Harry. 1901 1990. American labor leader. He organized the International Longshoremen s and Warehousemen s Union (ILWU) and served as its president for 40 years. * * * …   Universalium

  • Harry — Harry, Myriam * * * (as used in expressions) Belafonte, Harry Bertoia, Harry Blackmun, Harry Bridges, Harry Callahan, Harry (Morey) Coase, Ronald (Harry) Cohn, Harry Crick, Francis (Harry Compton) Harry Lillis Crosby Haldeman, H(arry) R(obbins)… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bridges — Bridges, Robert * * * (as used in expressions) Bridges, Calvin Blackman Bridges, Harry Bridges, Robert (Seymour) Natural Bridges National Monument …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • harry — /har ee/, v., harried, harrying. v.t. 1. to harass, annoy, or prove a nuisance to by or as if by repeated attacks; worry: He was harried by constant doubts. 2. to ravage, as in war; devastate: The troops harried the countryside. v.i. 3. to make… …   Universalium

  • Harry — /har ee/, n. a male given name, form of Harold or Henry. * * * (as used in expressions) Belafonte Harry Bertoia Harry Blackmun Harry Bridges Harry Callahan Harry Morey Coase Ronald Harry Cohn Harry Crick Francis Harry Compton Harry Lillis Crosby… …   Universalium

  • Bridges — is the plural form of Bridge.PeopleBridges is the family name of:* Alicia Bridges, American singer * Angelica Bridges (born 1971), American actress, model and singer * Barry Bridges (born 1941), English footballer * Beau Bridges (born 1941),… …   Wikipedia

  • Harry Nilsson — Datos generales Nombre real Harry Nilsson Edward III Nacimiento 15 de junio de 1941 Origen …   Wikipedia Español

  • Harry Guardino — Nombre real Harold V. Guardino Nacimiento 23 de diciembre de 1925 …   Wikipedia Español

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