Bush, Vannevar

   Engineer and physicist Vannevar Bush was born in Massachusetts. He graduated from Tufts University in 1913 and worked for General Electric from 1913 to 1914. He attended Clark University briefly in 1915 and took on a teaching position at Tufts. Bush completed a doctorate in engineering at Massachusetts Institute of Technology/Harvard University in 1916 and resumed his teaching position in electrical engineering at Tufts. During World War I, Bush was a consultant with the American Research and Development Corporation, and he designed devices for locating submarines. In 1919, he joined the faculty at MIT, and in 1931 he became vice president and dean of engineering. He also continued to work with industry and was linked to a number of inventions, most notably a differential analyzer. He also began work on the idea for a system of storing information that he called the “memex,” a forerunner of the Internet. His proposal for a method to store fingerprints on film was turned down by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. In 1938, Bush became president of the Carnegie Institution of Washington (CIW), one of the largest research organizations of the day. From 1939 to 1941 he chaired the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, and he continued to serve on the committee during World War II. However, his most significant role came in June 1940 when President Franklin D. Roosevelt responded to his suggestion and created a National Defense and Research Committee with Bush as its chair. In 1941, this became the Office of Scientific Research and Development. After the war, Bush called for the creation of a National Research Foundation in his report Science, the Endless Frontier (1945), and this eventually emerged as the National Science Foundation in 1950. Bush returned to CIW, where he worked until retiring in 1955. He was chair of the MIT Corporation from 1957 to 1959 and director of American Telegraph and Telephone from 1947 to 1962. He was awarded the Medal of Merit by President Harry S. Truman and the National Medal of Science by President Lyndon Johnson in recognition of his contributions to scientific research and development.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bush,Vannevar — Bush, Vannevar. 1890 1974. American electrical engineer and physicist who designed (1928) the differential analyzer, an early computer, and directed the World War II effort to develop the first atomic bomb. * * * …   Universalium

  • Bush, Vannevar — born March 11, 1890, Everett, Mass., U.S. died June 28, 1974, Belmont, Mass. U.S. electrical engineer and administrator. He taught principally at MIT (1919–38, 1955–71). In the late 1920s and 30s, Bush and his students built several electronic… …   Universalium

  • Bush, Vannevar — 1890–1974    Bush was a distinguished American scientist. As the USA approached war, Bush put forward the policy that the USA should mobilize all scientific resources and he convinced ROOSEVELT to set up the Office of Scientific Research and… …   Who’s Who in World War Two

  • Bush, Vannevar — (11 mar. 1890, Everett, Mass., EE.UU.–28 jun. 1974, Belmont, Mass.). Administrador e ingeniero eléctrico estadounidense. Enseñó principalmente en el MIT (1919–38, 1955–71). A fines de las décadas de 1920 y 1930, Bush y sus estudiantes… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Vannevar Bush — [ˌvæˈniː.vɚ] (* 11. März 1890 in Everett, Massachusetts; † 30. Juni 1974 in Belmont, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Ingenieur und Analogrechner Pionier. Bush war eine der wichtigsten Personen der US Kriegsführung im Zweiten Weltkrieg,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vannevar Bush — Vannevar Bush. Vannevar Bush (Everett, Massachusetts, 11 de marzo de 1890 30 de junio de 1974) fue un ingeniero y científico estadounidense.[1] …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bush — Bush, George H. W. Bush, George H. W. * * * (as used in expressions) Bush, George (Herbert Walker) Bush, George W(alker) Bush, Vannevar …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Vannevar Bush — Infobox Scientist name = Vannevar Bush box width = image width = caption = Vannevar Bush, ca. 1940 44 birth date = birth date|1890|3|11 birth place = flagicon|USA Everett, Massachusetts death date = death date and age|1974|6|30|1890|3|11 death… …   Wikipedia

  • Vannevar Bush — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bush. Vannevar Bush (11 mars 1890 à Everett dans le Massachusetts décédé le 30 juin 1974 à Belmont dans le Massachusetts) est un ingénieur américain, conseiller scientifique du président Roosevelt et chercheur au …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bush — I Bush,   Vannevar, US amerikanischer Elektroingenieur, *Everett (Mass.) 11. 3. 1890, †Belmont (Mass.) 28. 6. 1974; Bush entwickelte Analogrechner (1927 erster mechanischer, 1942 erster elektronischer Differenzialanalysator) sowie die… …   Universal-Lexikon

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