Byrd, Harry Flood

   Although a Democrat, one of the New Deal’s staunchest critics, Harry Byrd was born in Martinsburg, West Virginia, and began working for the family newspaper in Winchester, Virginia, at the age of 15. He eventually became a newspaper publisher and businessman, and he served in the Virginia state senate from 1915 to 1925, and as state governor from 1926 to 1930. He gained a reputation as a progressive governor, streamlining the state administration and making it more efficient. He also encouraged industrial development and investment in the state. However, at the national level he was a conservative. In 1933, he was appointed to replace Senator Claude Swanson, whom President Franklin D. Roosevelt had appointed secretary of the navy. A defender of states’ rights and fiscal conservatism, Byrd opposed the National Industrial Recovery Act and the Agricultural Adjustment Act and was incensed by the president’s attempt at “court packing” in 1937. He opposed Roosevelt’s renomination in 1940. His criticism of federal spending continued after the war, and he opposed the Marshall Plan and the Truman Doctrine. In the 1950s, he led the massive resistance to the desegregation of the schools following the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka decision, and he consistently opposed the civil rights reforms of the 1960s. In every way, Byrd was representative of the old-fashioned, traditional southern Democrats.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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  • Harry Flood Byrd Middle School — is a public middle school inHenrico County, Virginia. It is located at 9400 Quioccasin Road. It teaches grades six, seven, and eight.Infobox School | name = Harry Flood Byrd Middle School type = Public principal = Sharon Pope enrollment = approx …   Wikipedia

  • Harry F. Byrd senior — Harry F. Byrd Harry Flood Byrd senior (* 10. Juni 1887 in Martinsburg, West Virginia; † 20. Oktober 1966 in New York City) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker der Demokratischen Partei. Byrd war zwischen 1926 und 1930 Gouverneur von Virginia. Von …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Harry F. Byrd, Sr. — Harry F. Byrd Sr. Harry Flood Byrd Sr. (* 10. Juni 1887 in Martinsburg, Berkeley County, West Virginia; † 20. Oktober 1966 in New York City) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und Mitglied der Demokratischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Harry F. Byrd, Jr. — Infobox Senator |name=Harry Flood Byrd, Jr. jr/sr=United States Senator state=Virginia party=Democratic (1965–1970) Independent (1970–1983) term start=November 12,1965 term end=January 3, 1983 preceded=Harry F. Byrd succeeded=Paul S. Trible, Jr.… …   Wikipedia

  • William Byrd II — (28 March 1674 ndash; 26 August 1744) was a planter and author from Charles City County, Virginia. He is considered the founder of Richmond, Virginia. BiographyWilliam Byrd II was born at Westover Plantation in Charles City County, Virginia, and… …   Wikipedia

  • William Byrd II — Portrait de William Byrd II William Byrd II (28 mars 1674 – 26 août 1744) est un planteur et auteur de récits originaire du comté de Charles City, en Virginie. Il est considéré comme le fondateur de R …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Richard E. Byrd — Richard Evelyn Byrd Born 25 October 1888(1888 10 25) Winchester, Virginia …   Wikipedia

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  • Henry D. Flood — Henry De La Warr Flood (September 2, 1865 ndash; December 8, 1921) was a Representative from the Commonwealth of Virginia to the United States House of Representatives, brother of U.S. Representative Joel West Flood and uncle of U.S. Senator… …   Wikipedia

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