Chandler, Raymond Thornton

   A writer of detective fiction who, with Dashiell Hammett, was to establish an American literary genre that produced new cinematic forms (the film noir) and influenced popular language in the 1930s and 1940s, Raymond Chandler was born in Chicago but educated largely in England. Until 1912 he worked in the British Admiralty, but he returned to United States and established a home in Los Angeles, California. In 1917, Chandler joined the Canadian army and saw action in Europe. Returning to Los Angeles, he worked at an oil company until he was sacked in 1932 due to his drinking and womanizing. He turned instead to writing, selling his first short story to Black Mask in 1933. More short stories followed, and in 1939 his first novel, The Big Sleep, was published, followed by Farewell, My Lovely (1940), The High Window (1942), and The Lady in the Lake (1943). In these stories, his cynical, world-weary hero, Philip Marlowe, countered corruption and violence with resignation while maintaining his own personal integrity. As well as seeing his own books turned into films, Chandler began work on Hollywood scripts, including Double Indemnity (1944) and The Blue Dahlia (1946). After writing The Little Sister (1949), Chandler’s last Philip Marlowe novel was The Long Goodbye (1953). His last book was Playback (1958). In addition to novels, Chandler wrote articles for Atlantic Monthly and a brilliant essay on detective fiction, “The Simple Art of Murder” (1944).
   See also Cinema; Literature and theater.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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  • Chandler,Raymond Thornton — Chandler, Raymond Thornton. 1888 1959. American novelist noted for creating the character Philip Marlowe, a tough and cynical detective. His works include The Big Sleep (1939) and Farewell, My Lovely (1940). * * * …   Universalium

  • Chandler, Raymond (Thornton) — born July 23, 1888, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died March 26, 1959, La Jolla, Calif. U.S. writer of detective fiction. Chandler worked as an oil company executive in California before turning to writing during the Great Depression. Early short stories… …   Universalium

  • Chandler, Raymond (Thornton) — (23 jul. 1888, Chicago, Ill., EE.UU.–26 mar. 1959, La Jolla, Cal.). Escritor estadounidense de novelas detectivescas. Chandler trabajó como ejecutivo en una compañía petrolera en California antes de comenzar su carrera como escritor durante la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Chandler, Raymond Thornton —    см. Чандлер, Реймонд Торнтон …   Писатели США. Краткие творческие биографии

  • Raymond Thornton Chandler — (* 23. Juli 1888 in Chicago; † 26. März 1959 in La Jolla, Kalifornien) war ein US amerikanischer Schriftsteller und gilt als einer der Pioniere der amerikanischen hardboiled novels. Raymond Chandler erfand für seine Kriminalromane die Figur des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chandler, Raymond — ▪ American writer in full  Raymond Thornton Chandler   born July 23, 1888, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died March 26, 1959, La Jolla, Calif.       American author of detective fiction, the creator of the private detective Philip Marlowe, whom he… …   Universalium

  • Raymond Thornton Chandler — noun United States writer of detective thrillers featuring the character of Philip Marlowe (1888 1959) • Syn: ↑Chandler, ↑Raymond Chandler • Instance Hypernyms: ↑writer, ↑author …   Useful english dictionary

  • Chandler — Chandler, Raymond * * * (as used in expressions) Chandler, Raymond (Thornton) Haliburton, Thomas Chandler Harris, Joel Chandler …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Chandler — (Raymond Thornton) (1888 1959) maître du roman policier noir américain: le Grand Sommeil (1939), la Dame du lac (1943) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Raymond Chandler — For the current Sergeant Major of the U.S. Army, see Raymond F. Chandler. Raymond Chandler Born July 23, 1888(1888 07 23) Chicago, Illinois, United States Died …   Wikipedia

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