American Civil Liberties Union
- (ACLU)The ACLU was founded in 1920 by social reformers, including Roger Baldwin, Jane Addams, Crystal Eastman, and Clarence Darrow. It was established to preserve civil liberties guaranteed under the Bill of Rights of the Constitution, namely, freedom of speech, press, and religion. During the 1920s, the ACLU supported John Scopes in the famous “Scopes Money Trial” (1925) and also Italian anarchists Ferdinando Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti (1927). It was involved in the defense of the Scottsboro Boys in the 1930s. In 1933, the ACLU played a significant role in the case permitting James Joyce’s book Ulysses to be allowed into the United States.From 1936 to 1943, the ACLU provided assistance to the Jehovah’s Witnesses in their campaign to allow children to be exempted from saluting the national flag on religious grounds. The Supreme Court found in favor of the flag salute requirements in 1940 but reversed itself in West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette in1943. During World War II, the ACLU helped represent the Japanese Americans challenging wartime internment in the cases of Korematsu v. United States and Hirabayashi v. United States. During the Cold War years, the ACLU challenged the federal loyalty program and led the opposition to loyalty oaths in a number of states. However, the organization was divided during this period, with some members, including one of its founders, Roger Baldwin, supporting anticommunist measures.
Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . Neil A. Wynn . 2015.
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American Civil Liberties Union — n. A national organization dedicated to protecting constitutionally guaranteed civil rights and liberties. abbrv. ACLU The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. Amy Hackney Blackwell. 2008. American Civil… … Law dictionary
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American Civil Liberties Union — an organization founded in 1920 to defend the civil rights of all U.S. citizens. Abbr.: ACLU, A.C.L.U. * * * ▪ American organization organization founded by Roger Baldwin (Baldwin, Roger Nash) and others in New York City in 1920 to champion … Universalium
American Civil Liberties Union — American Civ|il Lib|er|ties U|nion the full name of the ACLU … Dictionary of contemporary English
American Civil Liberties Union — American organization that defends individual rights (such as free speech, freedom of choice, protection from discrimination, etc.), ACLU … English contemporary dictionary
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American Civil Liberties Union v. Ashcroft (2004) — American Civil Liberties Union v. Ashcroft (filed April 9, 2004 in the United States) is a lawsuit filed on behalf of an unknown party by the American Civil Liberties Union against the U.S. federal government. The unknown party, an Internet… … Wikipedia
American Civil Liberties Union v. Department of Defense — ( ACLU v. DoD ), is a case in United States Federal Court wherein the American Civil Liberties Union sued the Department of Defense and the Central Intelligence Agency under the Freedom of Information Act for the release of still secret materials … Wikipedia