Garland, Judy

(1922-1969)
   Film star and singer Judy Garland was born Frances Ethel Gumm in Grand Rapids, Minnesota, to a theater family. In 1926, the family moved to California, where Frances appeared with her sisters in a theater managed by their father. In 1934, they performed in Chicago as the Garlands, and in 1935 Frances was given a contract and a further name change by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM). Judy Garland’s first film was Every Sunday (1936). She made several more films and sang the hit song, “You Made Me Love You” in Broadway Melody of 1938 (1937), before achieving her major breakthrough in The Wizard of Oz (1939), particularly with the hit song “Somewhere over the Rainbow.” Further hits followed when she paired with Mickey Rooney in Babes in Arms (1939), Strike Up the Band (1940), Babes on Broadway (1941), and Ziegfeld Girl (1941), and with Gene Kelly in For Me and My Gal (1942). However, none of these matched Meet Me in St. Louis (1944). Her film performances varied, often due to her addiction to barbiturates and troubled personal life. However, Garland had another major success with Fred Astaire in Easter Parade and the song “We’re a Couple of Swells” (1948). Although she made a considerable number of other films of varying quality, MGM fired her in 1950. In 1951, she was greeted with great acclaim following a series of performances at the London Palladium in England, and she had further film success in A Star is Born (1954).
   Although she made several more films, Garland concentrated on her stage shows. After a physical collapse in 1959, she made another comeback in 1960 achieving an enormous hit with her performance at the Carnegie Hall in April 1961. Her final film was I Could Go on Singing in 1963. An unsuccessful television series in 1963, The Judy Garland Show, was followed by an overseas tour in 1969. She died in London after an overdose of barbiturates.
   See also Cinema.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Garland,Judy — Garland, Judy. Originally Frances Gumm. 1922 1969. American actress and singer best remembered for her performance as Dorothy in The Wizard of Oz (1939). * * * …   Universalium

  • Garland, Judy — orig. Frances Gumm born June 10, 1922, Grand Rapids, Minn., U.S. died June 22, 1969, London, Eng. U.S. singer and film actress. Born into a family of vaudeville performers, she made her stage debut at age three. She toured with her sisters until… …   Universalium

  • Garland, Judy — orig. Frances Gumm (10 jun. 1922, Grand Rapids, Minn., EE.UU.–22 jun. 1969, Londres, Inglaterra). Cantante y actriz de cine estadounidense. Nació en el seno de una familia de actores de vodevil, y a la edad de tres años debutó en escena. Hizo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Garland, Judy — • ГАРЛЕНД, Гарланд (Garland) Джуди (наст. имя и фам. Фрэнсис Гамм, Gumm) (10.6.1922 22.6.1969)    амер. актриса, мать актрисы и певицы Л. Миннелли. В кино с 1935. Обладая незаурядным муз. дарованием, завоевала популярность, участвуя с актёром М.… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Garland, Judy — pseud. di Gumm, Frances Ethel …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Judy Garland — en 1943. Nombre real Frances Ethel Gumm. Nacimiento 10 de junio de 1922 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Garland (surname) — Garland is a surname, and may refer to* Alex Garland (born 1970), British novelist, author of the novels The Beach (1996), The Tesseract (1998), The Coma (2004), and the screenplay for Danny Boyle s 2003 movie 28 Days Later * Augustus Hill… …   Wikipedia

  • Garland — Garland, Judy (1922 69) a US film actress and singer who first appeared in films as a child. She is most famous for appearing as the character Dorothy in The Wizard of Oz (1939). Other films include Meet Me in St Louis (1944) and A Star is Born… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Judy Garland — Infobox actor name = Judy Garland imagesize = 175px caption = from the trailer for A Star Is Born fy|1954 birthname = Frances Ethel Gumm birthdate = birth date|mf=yes|1922|6|10 birthplace = Grand Rapids, Minnesota, USA deathdate = Death date and… …   Wikipedia

  • Judy Garland — noun United States singer and film actress (1922 1969) • Syn: ↑Garland • Instance Hypernyms: ↑singer, ↑vocalist, ↑vocalizer, ↑vocaliser, ↑actress * * * Judy …   Useful english dictionary

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