Gershwin, George

   Born Jacob Gershvin, George Gershwin became one of America’s most famous composers of orchestral works, popular songs, jazz, and musical comedies. He worked as a pianist for a music publisher from 1914 to 1917, when he became a theater pianist. In 1919, he achieved his first hit with “Swanee,” later recorded by Al Jolson. From 1920 on, Gershwin composed musical reviews, Broadway plays, and orchestral pieces. His best-known works were Rhapsody in Blue (1923), Piano Concerto in F (1925), An American in Paris (1928), and the opera written with Ira and based on the novel by DuBose Heyward, Porgy and Bess (1935), all notable for their combination of jazz and orchestral music. Together with his brother Ira Gershwin, George Gershwin composed many hit songs for musicals. Among the best-known songs in these were “Fascinating Rhythm,” “Someone to Watch over Me,” “’S Wonderful,” “Embraceable You,” and “I got Rhythm.” In 1936, the Gershwins went to Hollywood, where they wrote the music for Shall We Dance? (1937). Starring Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers, the movie included such hits as “Let’s Call the Whole Thing Off” and “They Can’t Take That Away from Me.” The Gershwins provided the music for two more movies, A Damsel in Distress (1937) and The Goldwyn Follies (1938), before George’s death. Gershwin’s music was incorporated into a number of films after his death, most notably Rhapsody in Blue (1945), An American in Paris (1951), and Manhattan (1979). In 1998, Gershwin was awarded a posthumous Pulitzer prize for his contributions to musical writing.
   See also Cinema.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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  • GERSHWIN, GEORGE — (1898–1937), U.S. composer. Born in New York, he wrote his first songs while working as a pianist with a music publishing firm. His first revue, Half Past Eight (1918), was followed by the successful La La Lucille (1919) and in the same year his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Gershwin, George — orig. Jacob Gershvin born Sept. 26, 1898, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died July 11, 1937, Hollywood, Calif. U.S. composer. Born to Russian Jewish immigrants, he heard jazz performed live from about age six. In his teens he worked as a song plugger… …   Universalium

  • Gershwin, George — ► (1898 1937) Compositor estadounidense. Sus composiciones están ideadas para instrumentos e instrumentistas clásicos. La falsa denominación de «jazz sinfónico» dada a su música hizo que se le relacionase con el jazz. Obras: Porgy and Bess,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gershwin,George — Gersh·win (gûrshʹwĭn), George. 1898 1937. American composer who brought jazz idiom to classical music forms in his orchestral works, such as Rhapsody in Blue (1924), and composed the scores for many musical comedies. His collaborations with his… …   Universalium

  • Gershwin, George — (1898–1937)    US composer. George Gershwin was responsible for forming the jazz style into acceptable concert music. His Rhapsody in Blue (1924) was a landmark, as was American in Paris (1928). He wrote successful musical comedies and film… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Gershwin, George — • ГЕ РШВИН (Gershwin) Джордж (26.9.11898 11.7.1937)    амер. композитор. Творч. деятельность начал в 1916. Автор музыки к ф. Люби меня сегодня вечером (1932), Голдвин Фоллиз (1938) и др. Музыка Г., отличающаяся красотой мелодий и ритмич.… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Gershwin, George — (1898 1937)    American composer. Born in Brooklyn, he was responsible for forming the jazz style into acceptable concert music. His Rhapsody in Blue was a landmark, as was American in Paris. He wrote successful musical comedies and film scores… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Gershwin — Gershwin, George …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • George Gerschwin — George Gershwin George Gershwin George Gershwin en 1937. Naissance 26 septembre 1898 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • George Gershwin — en 1937. Nom de naissance Jacob Gershowitz Naissance 26 …   Wikipédia en Français

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