Hayes, Roland

   African American singer and composer Roland Hayes was born the son of former slaves in Georgia but moved with his family to Chattanooga, Tennessee, in 1898. He studied at Fisk University, where he joined the Jubilee Singers in 1911. After touring nationally, Hayes traveled to London in 1920, and following a royal command performance, he toured throughout Europe performing a mixture of classical music with spirituals and other folk music and establishing his international reputation as the foremost black performer. He returned to the United States in 1923, became the first black singer to perform at the Carnegie Hall, and was awarded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People’s Spingarn Medal in recognition of his achievements in 1924. In 1931, he sang at Constitution Hall in Washington, D.C., although his insistence on performing before an integrated audience apparently led to the subsequent all-white policy that led to his protégé Marian Anderson’s exclusion in 1939.
   In 1942, Hayes and his wife were involved in a confrontation with police officers in Rome, Georgia, when the singer refused to accept segregation. He was beaten by the police and subsequently moved out of Georgia. He continued to give limited performances up until and through to the 1960s, and his farewell concert at Carnegie Hall took place in 1962.
   See also Music.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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  • Hayes,Roland — Hayes, Roland. 1887 1977. American tenor known for his renditions of classical songs and spirituals. * * * …   Universalium

  • Roland Hayes — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hayes. Roland Hayes …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Hayes — noun 1. acclaimed actress of stage and screen (1900 1993) • Syn: ↑Helen Hayes • Instance Hypernyms: ↑actress 2. 19th President of the United States; his administration removed federal troops from the South and so ended the Reconstruction Period… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hayes — /hayz/, n. 1. Carlton J(oseph) H(untley), 1882 1964, U.S. historian, educator, and diplomat. 2. Helen (Helen Hayes Brown MacArthur), 1900 93, U.S. actress. 3. Roland, 1887 1977, U.S. tenor. 4. Rutherford B(irchard) /berr cheuhrd/, 1822 93,… …   Universalium

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