- The Hollywood Ten were a group of 10 scriptwriters and producers in the film industry who were cited for contempt of Congress in 1947 when they refused to answer the question “Are you now or have you ever been a member of the Communist Party?” before the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC). HUAC called some 41 people, but only 10 refused to respond, appealing instead to the First and Fifth Amendments. The 10 individuals included Dalton Trumbo, Alvah Bessie, Herbert Biverman, Lester Cole, Edward Dmytryk, Ring Lardner Jr., John Howard Lawson, Albert Maltz, Samuel Ornitz, and Adrian Scott. They were each fined and sentenced to jail and served their sentences in 1950. They were subsequently blacklisted by the film industry and unable to work under their own names. Several adopted pseudonyms or worked abroad. The blacklist lasted until 1960.
Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . Neil A. Wynn . 2015.
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Hollywood Ten — Die Hollywood Ten ist die Bezeichnung für zehn Drehbuchautoren, Schauspieler und Regisseure aus Hollywood, die sich geweigert hatten, vor dem Ausschuss des Repräsentantenhauses der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika zur Untersuchung… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hollywood Ten — ten members of the film industry who were sent to jail for refusing to answer questions about their political beliefs during the HUAC hearings in 1947 (U.S. History) … English contemporary dictionary
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