Hopkins, Harry Lloyd

   Famous New Deal administrator Harry Hopkins was educated at Grinnell College. In 1912, he moved to New York City, where he became a social worker. He became executive secretary of New York’s Board of Child Welfare and during World War I was involved in civilian relief for the families of servicemen for the Red Cross. In 1923, Hopkins became president of the American Association of Social Workers and in 1924 director of the New York Tuberculosis Association. In 1931, he was appointed by Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt to direct New York’s Temporary Emergency Relief Administration and then in 1933 to head the Federal Emergency Relief Administration, which spent $1 billion in two years providing jobs for the unemployed.
   When initial relief measures proved too slow, Roosevelt put Hopkins in charge of the Civil Works Administration, which employed 4 million people in six months working on public building projects. From 1935 to 1940 Hopkins directed the Works Progress Administration, which put more than 8 million workers on the federal payroll and spent $10.5 billion. He became secretary of commerce in 1938 and considered running for the presidential nomination in 1940. However, ill health forced him to abandon such ambitions, and he supported Roosevelt before resigning from the administration. During World War II, Hopkins became a diplomat. He was first sent as a special envoy to Great Britain in 1941 and then to the Soviet Union. He organized Lend-Lease to the Allies before the United States entered the war and after 1941 headed the Munitions Assignments Board to allocate war material to different Allied powers. Hopkins continued to work in the war administration despite poor health and the death of a son in combat. He was an influential figure at the Tehran Conference in 1943 and the Yalta Conference in 1945, and he played a part in ensuring Soviet participation in the San Francisco Conference that established the United Nations in 1945. That same year Hopkins resigned from government and was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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  • Hopkins — /hop kinz/, n. 1. Anthony, born 1937, English actor, born in Wales. 2. Sir Frederick Gowland /gow leuhnd/, 1861 1947, English physician and biochemist: Nobel prize for medicine 1929. 3. Gerard Manley /man lee/, 1844 89, English poet. 4. Harry… …   Universalium

  • Lloyd — /loyd/, n. 1. Welsh Legend. Llwyd. 2. Harold (Clayton) /klayt n/, 1894 1971, U.S. actor. 3. (John) Selwyn (Brooke) /sel win/, 1904 78, British statesman. 4. a male given name: from a Welsh word meaning gray. * * * (a …   Universalium

  • harry — /har ee/, v., harried, harrying. v.t. 1. to harass, annoy, or prove a nuisance to by or as if by repeated attacks; worry: He was harried by constant doubts. 2. to ravage, as in war; devastate: The troops harried the countryside. v.i. 3. to make… …   Universalium

  • Harry — /har ee/, n. a male given name, form of Harold or Henry. * * * (as used in expressions) Belafonte Harry Bertoia Harry Blackmun Harry Bridges Harry Callahan Harry Morey Coase Ronald Harry Cohn Harry Crick Francis Harry Compton Harry Lillis Crosby… …   Universalium

  • Harry Hopkins — Harry Lloyd Hopkins im Januar 1941 Harry Lloyd Hopkins (* 17. August 1890 in Sioux City, Iowa; † 29. Januar 1946 in New York, New York) war einer der wichtigsten Ratgeber des US amerikanischen Präsidenten Franklin D. Roosevelt. Sein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hopkins — is an English and Irish patronymic surname meaning son of Hob . Hob derives from a short form of Robert. The name is also common in Ireland, where it may be an Anglicisation of the Gaelic name Mac Oibicin , of uncertain derivation. Hopkins is an… …   Wikipedia

  • Lloyd — Lloyd, Frank Lloyd, Harold * * * (as used in expressions) Chris Evert Lloyd Garrison, William Lloyd Hopkins, Harry L(loyd) Lloyd George de Dwyfor, David Lloyd George, conde Lloyd Webber, Andrew post. Lloyd Webber Lloyd s of London …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hopkins —   [ hɔpkɪnz],    1) Sir (seit1993) Anthony, britischer Schauspieler, * Port Talbot 31. 12. 1937; vielseitiger Charakterschauspieler, der ab 1964 in London spielte; Mitglied des National Theatre. Seit 1968 tritt Hopkins in Filmen auf; Weltruhm… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Harry Hopkins — This article is about the politician, for the British tank named for him, see Light Tank Mk VIIIInfobox US Cabinet official name=Harry Lloyd Hopkins order=8th title=United States Secretary of Commerce president=Franklin D. Roosevelt term… …   Wikipedia

  • Hopkins — I. biographical name Sir Frederick Gowland 1861 1947 English biochemist II. biographical name Gerard Manley 1844 1889 English poet III. biographical name Harry Lloyd 1890 1946 American politician & administrator IV. biographical name Johns 1795… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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