Korean War

   Formerly occupied by Japan, it was agreed at the Potsdam Conference in 1945 that Korea would be divided along the 38th parallel between North Korea, under the occupation of the Soviet Union (USSR), and South, under U.S. control. In 1948, it was decided that Korea would be under the trusteeship of the USSR, the United States, and Great Britain for five years. However, in May 1948 a government in the South, the Republic of Korea, was established by Syngman Rhee, backed by the United States. Shortly afterward the People’s Democratic Republic of Korea was established in the North under Kim Il Sung.
   On 25 June 1950 the North Korean People’s Army crossed the 38th parallel in an attempt to unify the country and quickly occupied most of the South including the capital, Seoul. On 27 June 1950, with the Soviet delegates absent, the United Nations (UN) Security Council approved police action in response to the North’s aggression. Although ostensibly a UN force, the U.S. military constituted more than half of the combat troops, and President Harry S. Truman appointed General Douglas MacArthur as commander of the UN forces. On 15 September 1950, MacArthur launched a remarkable counteroffensive with an amphibious landing behind the North Korean lines at Inchon. The UN forces quickly liberated Seoul and most of the territory up to the 38th parallel. Encouraged by MacArthur, President Truman announced that the goal was to unite Korea under a democratic government. The invasion of the North began in October 1950. When MacArthur’s troops pushed toward the northern frontier with communist China, the Chinese responded by invading in turn and pushing UN forces back. When MacArthur publicly advocated all-out war with China and the use of atomic weapons in 1951, he was brought home and replaced with General Matthew Ridgway. By March 1951, the war had come to a stalemate, with the two armies facing one another just north of the 38th parallel. Peace talks began in July but dragged on until 1953 with disagreements about both the repatriation of Korean and Chinese prisoners of war and the location of the boundary between North and South. The final agreement was signed on 27 July 1953. More than 4 million people died in the conflict, including 36,940 Americans.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Korean War — n. the war (1950 53) between the Korean People s Democratic Republic (North Korea) and the Republic of Korea (South Korea), which ended in an inconclusive cease fire: the U.S. and other United Nations countries participated on the side of South… …   English World dictionary

  • Korean War — Part of the Cold War …   Wikipedia

  • Korean War — the war, begun on June 25, 1950, between North Korea, aided by Communist China, and South Korea, aided by the United States and other United Nations members forming a United Nations armed force: truce signed July 27, 1953. * * * (1950–53)… …   Universalium

  • Korean War — (1950–1953)    According to Soviet era documents, the MGB played an important role in the creation of the communist regime in North Korea. MGB officers helped established a North Korean security service. Moscow even provided film of the execution …   Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence

  • Korean War — /kəriən ˈwɔ/ (say kuhreeuhn waw) noun a war, 1950–53, fought between North Korea supported by Communist China, and South Korea supported by the United Nations. The Korean War broke out in 1950, when Communist North Korea invaded pro American… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Korean War — Ko|re|an War, the a war between Chinese and North Korean forces on one side and UN and South Korean forces on the other. The war began in 1950 and ended in 1953, with neither side having won …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Korean War — noun a war between North and South Korea; South Korea was aided by the United States and other members of the United Nations; 1950 1953 (Freq. 3) • Regions: ↑Korea, ↑Korean Peninsula, ↑Dae Han Min Gook, ↑Han Gook • Instance Hypernyms: ↑war, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Korean War — noun A war fought in the Korean Peninsula from 1950 1953 …   Wiktionary

  • Korean War — Kore′an War′ n. gov the war (1950–53) between North Korea, aided by Communist China, and South Korea, aided by the U.S. and other United Nations members forming an armed force …   From formal English to slang

  • Korean War Veterans Memorial — IUCN Kategorie V …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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