Lippmann, Walter

(1889-1974)
   Born to wealthy German Jewish parents in New York City, Walter Lippmann made a name as a brilliant student at Harvard. He left the university in 1910 to become a journalist at the socialist newspaper Boston Common. Part of the radical Greenwich Village set, Lippmann produced a call for reform in his Preface to Politics in 1912. In 1914, he published Drift and Mastery, which captured much of the progressive ethos in advocating government run scientifically by a public-minded elite. The same year, Lippmann joined the staff of the New Republic magazine. He supported U.S. entry into World War I and joined a team of planners to draw up plans for the postwar world. He was one of the U.S. advisers at the Versailles Peace Conference but was disillusioned by the terms of the peace treaty and became a critic of it and the League of Nations. His wartime experience also made him skeptical of the democratic process, and his Liberty and the News (1920) and Public Opinion (1922) suggested that government was best left to the experts.
   In 1922, Lippmann joined the newspaper New York World, where he established a reputation as one of the leading journalists of his day. His book examining the “lost generation,” A Preface to Morals (1929), had a wide readership. Lippmann became a contributor to the conservative newspaper New York Herald Tribune in 1931, and his columns were nationally and internationally syndicated. While he was initially enthusiastic about the New Deal, Lippmann became increasingly critical. In criticizing what he saw as excessive collectivism and centralization, it appeared that he was defending laissez faire, but in fact he owed a great deal to the influence of John Maynard Keynes.
   In the late 1930s, Lippmann advocated U.S. support for Great Britain against Nazi Germany, and during the war he wrote a best seller entitled United States Foreign Policy: Shield of the Republic (1943), advocating a continuation of the Grand Alliance with Great Britain and the Soviet Union (USSR). When the alliance broke up after the war, Lippmann wrote a critical study of containment, The Cold War (1947), and he was probably the originator of the phrase used to describe postwar relations with the USSR.
   Lippmann was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1964 and worked for the CBS television network for a number of years. However, he became increasingly critical of Lyndon Johnson’s policies in Vietnam, and he retired from journalism in 1967.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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  • LIPPMANN, WALTER — (1889–1974), U.S. journalist, whose writing exerted influence on public policy. Born in New York, Lippmann was for several years an assistant to the philosopher George Santayana. In 1914 he began his journalistic career as founder and associate… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Lippmann, Walter — born Sept. 23, 1889, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 14, 1974, New York U.S. newspaper commentator and author. Educated at Harvard, he became an editor at the fledgling New Republic (1914–17). His thinking influenced Woodrow Wilson, and he took… …   Universalium

  • Lippmann, Walter — (23 sep. 1889, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.–14 dic. 1974, Nueva York). Comentarista y columnista de periódicos estadounidense. Lippmann se educó en Harvard y fue editor en la revista The New Republic en sus comienzos (1914–17). Sus ideas influyeron… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lippmann,Walter — Lipp·mann (lĭpʹmən), Walter. 1889 1974. American journalist. He cofounded (1914) the weekly New Republic and won a Pulitzer Prize in 1958 and 1962. * * * …   Universalium

  • Lippmann, Walter — (1889 1974)    American journalist. Born in New York, he studied at Harvard. He became editor of Lincoln Steffen s Everybody s Magazine in 1911, and published A Preface to Politics inl913.The next year he was a founder of the New Republic. In… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Lippmann, Walter —  (1889–1974) American journalist …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Walter Lippmann — (Nueva York, 23 de septiembre de 1889 – Nueva York, 14 de diciembre de 1974)[1] fue un intelectual estadounidense. Como periodista, comentarista político, crítico de medios y filósofo, intentó reconciliar la tensión existente entre libertad y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Walter Lippmann — (September 23, 1889 December 14, 1974) was an influential American writer, journalist, and political commentator.Early lifeLippmann was born in New York City to German Jewish parents, Jacob and Daisy Baum Lippmann. The family lived a comfortable …   Wikipedia

  • Walter — Walter, Bruno Walter, John * * * (as used in expressions) Adams, Walter S(ydney) Alvarez, Luis W(alter) Bagehot, Walter Walter Lanier Barber Beaton, Sir Cecil (Walter Hardy) Benjamin, Walter Brattain, Walter H(ouser) Richard Walter Jenkins, Jr.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Walter Lippmann — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lippmann. Walter Lippmann, né à New York le 23 septembre 1889, mort le 14 décembre 1974, penseur et commentateur politique américain. Il fut journaliste au New Republic, au World, au New York Herald Tribune où il …   Wikipédia en Français

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