Mao Zedong

(Mao Tse-Tung)
(1893-1976)
   Chinese communist leader Mao Zedong was born into a peasant background and trained as a teacher. He helped establish the Chinese Communist Party in 1921 and led an uprising against the national government led by Chiang Kai-shek in 1927 and established the Soviet Republic of China. When his forces were surrounded in 1934, he led them on the “Long March” more than 6,000 miles from southeast China to the north, where they were able to regroup. When war began with Japan in 1937, the communists united with the national government against their common enemy in an uneasy alliance. After the Japanese were defeated, fighting with the nationalists resumed, and Mao was victorious in 1949, establishing the People’s Republic of China. Mao, known as Chairman Mao, was ruler of China until his death, taking the country through both the “Great Leap Forward” from 1958 to 1962 and the Cultural Revolution in 1966. Although a long-term opponent of the United States, in 1971 Mao invited President Richard M. Nixon to visit the following year and paved the way toward opening relations between the two nations.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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  • Mao Zedong — Mao redirects here. For other uses, see Mao (disambiguation). This is a Chinese name; the family name is Mao. Mao Ze dong 毛泽东 Official 1967 Portrait of Mao Ze …   Wikipedia

  • Mao zedong — est un nom chinois ; le nom de famille, Mao, précède donc le prénom. Mao Zedong 毛泽东 1er …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mao Zedong — «Mao» redirige aquí. Para otras acepciones, véase Mao (desambiguación). Este es un nombre chino; el apellido es Mao. Mao Zedong 毛泽东 毛澤東 Retrato oficial de Mao Zedong, tal como aparece en la Plaza de Tiananmen …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mao Zedong — Mao Zedong,   Mao Tse tung, chinesischer Politiker, * Shaoshan (Provinz Hunan) 26. 12. 1893, ✝ Peking 9. 9. 1976; Sohn eines Bauern; im Sinn der chinesischen Kulturtraditionen erzogen, geriet er in Konflikt mit seinem Vater. 1913 18 besuchte er… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Mao Zedong — Mao Tsetung Mao Tsetung, Mao Zedong Mao Zedongprop. n. The leader of the Chinese communist party and later of teh People s Repbulic of China; b. 1893, d. 1976. Also referred to a simply {Mao}. [Also spelled {Mao Tse Tung}.] [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Mao Zedong — Mao Zedong, Mao Tsé toung ou Mao Tsö tong (1893 1976) homme politique chinois. Militant marxiste dès 1918, l un des fondateurs du parti communiste chinois, il le dirigea à partir de 1935, ayant imposé dès 1931 sa thèse: la paysannerie constitue… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Mao Zedong — Dans ce nom chinois, le nom de famille, Mao, précède le prénom. Mao Zedong 毛泽东 毛澤東 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Máo Zédōng — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mao Zedong — Porträt Mao Zedongs am Tor des himmlischen Friedens …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mao Zedong — /mow zeuh doong , dzeuh /; Chin. /mow zu dawng / 1893 1976, Chinese Communist leader: chairman of the People s Republic of China 1949 59; chairman of the Chinese Communist party 1943 76. Also, Wade Giles, Mao Tse tung /mow tseuh toong , dzeuh… …   Universalium

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