Marshall, George Catlett

(1880-1959)
   Born in Uniontown, Pennsylvania, George Marshall was a graduate of Virginia Military Institute. He was commissioned in 1902 and served in the Philippines and then in the American Expeditionary Force during World War I helping plan several major offensives. After the war, he was aide-de-camp to General John J. Pershing, served in China, and was head of Fort Benning Infantry School in Georgia. Marshall was appointed army chief of staff in 1929 and served throughout World War II as President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s chief advisor. He was made a general of the army in December 1944 and oversaw the wartime expansion of the army before retiring in 1945. In November 1945, he was sent to China as ambassador in an unsuccessful attempt to resolve the conflict between Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong. In 1947, President Harry S. Truman appointed Marshall secretary of state, and he played a major role in the early Cold War, initiating the European Recovery Program, or Marshall Plan, to encourage economic recovery as a way of combating communism. He was secretary of defense from 1950 to 1951 and was involved in the dismissal of General Douglas MacArthur during the Korean War. Marshall retired in 1951 and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1953.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Marshall, George Catlett — ▪ United States general Introduction born December 31, 1880, Uniontown, Pennsylvania, U.S. died October 16, 1959, Washington, D.C.  general of the army and U.S. Army chief of staff during World War II (1939–45) and later U.S. secretary of state… …   Universalium

  • Marshall,George Catlett — Mar·shall (märʹshəl), George Catlett. 1880 1959. American soldier, diplomat, and politician. As U.S. secretary of state (1947 1949) he organized the European Recovery Program, often called the Marshall Plan, for which he received the 1953 Nobel… …   Universalium

  • George Catlett Marshall — George Marshall (général) Pour les articles homonymes, voir George Marshall et Marshall. George Marshall …   Wikipédia en Français

  • George Catlett Marshall — George C. Marshall, 1946 George Catlett Marshall, Jr. (* 31. Dezember 1880 in Uniontown, Pennsylvania; † 16. Oktober 1959 in Washington D. C.) war ein US amerikanischer General of the Army und Staatsmann. Am beka …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George Catlett Marshall — (3 de diciembre de 1880–16 de octubre de 1959) Nació en Uniontown, Pennsylvania en 1880. General estadounidense, jefe de Estado mayor durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Dio su nombre al plan de ayuda económica a dieciseis países de Europa,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • George Catlett Marshall — noun United States general and statesman who as Secretary of State organized the European Recovery Program (1880 1959) • Syn: ↑Marshall, ↑George Marshall • Instance Hypernyms: ↑general, ↑full general, ↑statesman, ↑solon, ↑nati …   Useful english dictionary

  • George Catlett Marshall — n. (1880 1959) American military man and statesman, one who conceived the Marshall Plan, Nobel peace prize winner in 1953 …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Friedensnobelpreis 1953: George Catlett Marshall —   Der amerikanische Militär und Politiker erhielt den Friedensnobelpreis für den nach ihm benannten Plan zum wirtschaftlichen Wiederaufbau Westeuropas.    Biografie   George Catlett Marshall, * 31. 12. 1880 Uniontown (Pennsylvania), ✝ 16. 10.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Marshall Mission — George C. Marshall with Mao in Yenan. The Marshall Mission (December 20, 1945 January, 1947) was a failed diplomatic mission undertaken by United States Army General George C. Marshall to China in an attempt to negotiate the Communist Party of… …   Wikipedia

  • George Marshall — George Catlett Marshall George Marshall en 1946 …   Wikipedia Español

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