Marshall, Thurgood

   The first African American to serve as a Supreme Court justice, Thurgood Marshall was born Thoroughgood in Baltimore, Maryland. He shortened his name at an early age. He graduated from Lincoln University in 1930. Denied entrance to the University of Maryland Law School because he was African American, Marshall went instead to Howard University Law School in Washington, D.C., where he graduated in 1933. At Howard, he was to be strongly influenced by Charles H. Houston, who he succeeded as chief counsel to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1939. Marshall had already won a case in Baltimore (Murray v. Pearson) in 1936 that challenged segregation in the university system in Maryland. As NAACP counsel, he successfully led a long-term attack on segregation devised by Hamilton when he argued the cases Smith v. Allwright (1944), Shelley v. Kraemer (1948), Sweatt v. Painter (1950), and McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents (1950), culminating with Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954). Marshall also helped draft the constitutions of the newly independent states of Ghana and Tanzania.
   In 1961, President John F. Kennedy appointed Marshall to the U.S. Court of Appeals, and in 1965 President Lyndon Johnson made him the first African American solicitor general. Two years later he was appointed to the Supreme Court, where he took a firm liberal position supporting abortion rights, opposing the death penalty, and supporting individual civil liberties. He retired in 1991.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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  • Marshall,Thurgood — Marshall, Thurgood. 1908 1993. American jurist who served as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court from 1967 to 1991. As a lawyer for the NAACP Marshall argued 32 cases before the Supreme Court, winning 29 of them, including Brown v.… …   Universalium

  • Marshall, Thurgood — born July 2, 1908, Baltimore, Md., U.S. died Jan. 24, 1993, Bethesda, Md. U.S. jurist and civil rights advocate. He received his law degree from Howard University in 1933. From 1936 he worked for the NAACP, becoming its chief counsel in 1940. He… …   Universalium

  • Marshall, Thurgood — (2 jul. 1908, Baltimore, Md., EE.UU.–24 ene. 1993, Bethesda, Md.). Jurista y defensor de los derechos civiles estadounidenses. Obtuvo su licenciatura en derecho en la Universidad de Howard en 1933. Desde 1936 trabajó para la NAACP y se convirtió… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Thurgood Marshall (disambiguation) — Thurgood Marshall was the first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States.People and institutions etc. named after Thurgood Marshall are: *Thurgood Marshall, Jr., an American lawyer, son of Thurgood Marshall *Thurgood… …   Wikipedia

  • Thurgood Marshall — [Thurgood Marshall] (1908–93) the first ↑African American judge of the US Supreme Court (1967–91). He is remembered especially for winning the 1954 case before the Supreme Court which ended ↑segregation in public schools. He was later US… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Marshall — es una ciudad del estado de Texas (Estados Unidos) situada cerca de las fronteras de Louisiana y Arkansas, en la Ark La Tex. Marshall es la ciudad principal del Condado de Harrison y tiene 23.935 habitantes (año 2000). Fue fundada en 1841 en la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Thurgood Marshall — For people and institutions etc. named after Thurgood Marshall, see Thurgood Marshall (disambiguation). Thurgood Marshall …   Wikipedia

  • Thurgood Marshall — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Marshall. Thurgood Marshall en 1976 Thurgood Marshall (né le 2 juillet 1908 à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Marshall — /mahr sheuhl/, n. 1. Alfred, 1842 1924, English economist. 2. George C(atlett) /kat lit/, 1880 1959, U.S. general and statesman: Secretary of State 1947 49; Nobel peace prize 1953. 3. John, 1755 1835, U.S. jurist and statesman: Chief Justice of… …   Universalium

  • Thurgood Marshall High School (Missouri City, Texas) — Thurgood Marshall High School Address 1220 Buffalo Run Missouri City, Texas, USA Information Type Public High School School district …   Wikipedia

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