Moley, Raymond

(1886-1975)
   Raymond Moley was born in Ohio, and after graduating from Baldwin-Wallace College in 1906, he became superintendent of schools in Olmstead Falls, Ohio. After gaining a master’s degree from Oberlin College in 1913, Moley taught at Western Reserve University from 1916 to 1919. He was awarded a Ph.D. from Columbia University in 1918, and he taught government there beginning in 1923 and then public law from 1928 to 1954. He wrote a number of books, including Lessons in American Citizenship (1917), The State Movement for Efficiency and Economy (1918), and Parties, Politics, and People (1921). His work as research director of the New York State Crime Commission in 1926 and 1927 and for the New York State Commission on the Administration of Justice from 1931 to 1933 brought him to the attention of Samuel I. Rosenman, who asked him to form the group of advisers in 1932 that became known as the “Brain Trust” in President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal. Moley was made assistant secretary of state in 1933. Moley made a significant contribution to the New Deal as a presidential speechwriter, shaping early legislation, bringing talented individuals into the administration, and acting as a publicist for the New Deal through his role as editor of the magazine Today. However, Moley’s relationship with the president deteriorated after Roosevelt undermined the commitments he made at the London Economic Conference on currency stabilization. Furthermore, he disagreed with the Wealth Tax Act of 1935 and the apparent shift to the left in the “Second New Deal.” Critical of the attempt at “court packing” in 1937, Moley joined the Republican Party and campaigned on behalf of Wendell Willkie in 1940. He then returned to Columbia University and wrote several more books on government and politics.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Moley Raymond — was an American journalist who was credited with coining the term Brain Trust (also known as Brains Trust ), describing Franklin D. Roosevelt s advisors during his first presidential campaign in 1932 …   Wikipedia

  • Moley, Raymond — ▪ American journalist born , Sept. 27, 1886, Berea, Ohio, U.S. died Feb. 18, 1975, Phoenix, Ariz.       American journalist and public figure, leader of the so called Brain Trust of advisers to President Franklin D. Roosevelt (Roosevelt, Franklin …   Universalium

  • Moley, Raymond (Charles) — born , Sept. 27, 1886, Berea, Ohio, U.S. died Feb. 18, 1975, Phoenix, Ariz. U.S. educator and political adviser. He taught political science at Columbia University from 1923 to 1954. In the 1920s he prepared studies of criminal justice in a… …   Universalium

  • Moley, Raymond (Charles) — (27 sep. 1886, Berea, Ohio, EE.UU.– 18 feb. 1975, Phoenix, Ariz.). Educador y asesor político estadounidense. Desde 1923 hasta 1954 fue profesor de ciencia política en la Universidad de Columbia. En la década de 1920 preparó estudios de justicia… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Raymond Moley — Born September 27, 1886 Berea, Ohio Died February 18, 1975 (age 88) Phoenix, Arizona Occupation Presidential adviser, professor of law, author Nationality American Raymond Charles Moley (September 27, 1886 in …   Wikipedia

  • Raymond — /ray meuhnd/, n. 1. Henry Jarvis /jahr vis/, 1820 69, U.S. publicist: founder of The New York Times. 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning counsel and protection. * * * (as used in expressions) Aron Raymond Claude Ferdinand Raymond… …   Universalium

  • Raymond — (as used in expressions) Aron, Raymond (Claude Ferdinand) Chandler, Raymond (Thornton) Tyrus Raymond Cobb Dart, Raymond Arthur Flatt, Lester (Raymond) Hood, Raymond M(athewson) Kroc, Ray(mond Albert) Leavis, F(rank) R(aymond) Loewy, Raymond… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Raymond Moley — (27 septembre 1886 – 18 février 1975) était une personnalité américaine du New Deal. Né à Berea (Ohio), il fit ses études à l Oberlin College puis à l université Columbia de New York. Il enseigna dans l Ohio à partir de 1914.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Moley — biographical name Raymond Charles 1886 1975 American journalist …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • National Industrial Recovery Act — Front page of the National Industrial Recovery Act, as signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on June 16, 1933. The National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA), officially known as the Act of June 16, 1933 (Ch. 90, 48 Stat. 195, formerly codified… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.