Murphy, Frank (Francis) William

(1890-1949)
   Born in Harbor Beach, Michigan, Frank Murphy was a graduate of the University of Michigan in 1912 and the University of Michigan Law School in1914. He served in the army in France during World War I and after the war was appointed U.S. attorney for the Eastern District of Michigan. He returned to private practice in 1920, taught law at the University of Detroit, and became a judge in the recorder’s court in Detroit in 1923. A member of the Democratic Party, in 1930 Murphy was elected mayor of Detroit. He introduced work relief programs to combat the high unemployment rate in the city and was reelected in 1932. In 1933, he was appointed governor-general of the Philippines, where he supported moves toward independence but left the post to become governor of Michigan in 1936.
   A supporter of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal, Murphy introduced a “Little New Deal” in Michigan, reforming the civil service, improving workmen’s compensation, and increasing spending on education. He refused to use state troops to intervene in the “sit-down strikes” in the automobile industry in 1937. Murphy was defeated in the 1938 election. In 1939, he was appointed U.S. attorney general, and he led the investigation that destroyed the Pendergast machine in Kansas City. In 1940, Roosevelt appointed Murphy to the Supreme Court, where he became one of the more liberal justices, particularly on civil rights issues. He was critical of the internment of Japanese Americans and dissented in the cases of Hirabayashi v. United States and Korematsu v. United States. Murphy’s career was cut short by heart disease, and he died of a coronary thrombosis.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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  • Murphy, Frank — orig. William Francis Murphy born April 13, 1890, Harbor Beach, Mich., U.S. died July 19, 1949, Detroit, Mich. U.S. Supreme Court justice (1940–49). After serving in World War I, he held several elective posts, including mayor of Detroit… …   Universalium

  • Murphy, Frank — orig. William Francis Murphy (13 abr. 1890, Harbor Beach, Mich., EE.UU.–19 jul. 1949, Detroit, Mich.). Juez de la Corte Suprema de EE.UU. (1940–49). Después de prestar servicios en la primera guerra mundial, ocupó varios cargos públicos por… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • William H. Taft — William Howard Taft, 1908 William Howard Taft (* 15. September 1857 in Cincinnati, Ohio; † 8. März 1930 in Washington D.C.) war 27. Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika vom 4. März 1909 bis 3. März 1913 und gehörte der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Taft — William Howard Taft, 1908 William Howard Taft (* 15. September 1857 in Cincinnati, Ohio; † 8. März 1930 in Washington D.C.) war 27. Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika vom 4. März 1909 bis 3. März 1913 und gehörte der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Murphy — Murphy, William Parry * * * (as used in expressions) Murphy, Audie (Leon) Murphy, Frank William Francis Murphy …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Frank Murphy — Infobox Judge name = Frank Murphy imagesize = caption = office = Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court termstart = February 5 1940 termend = July 19 1949 nominator = Franklin Delano Roosevelt appointer = predecessor = Pierce Butler …   Wikipedia

  • Murphy — /merr fee/, n. 1. Frank, 1890 1949, U.S. statesman and jurist: associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court 1940 49. 2. Isaac, 1861 96, U.S. thoroughbred racehorse jockey. 3. William Parry /par ee/, born 1892, U.S. physician: Nobel prize for… …   Universalium

  • Frank — /frangk/, n. 1. a member of a group of ancient Germanic peoples dwelling in the regions of the Rhine, one division of whom, the Salians, conquered Gaul about A.D. 500, founded an extensive kingdom, and gave origin to the name France. 2. (in the… …   Universalium

  • murphy — /merr fee/, n., pl. murphies, v., murphied, murphying. Slang. n. 1. an Irish or white potato. 2. any of various confidence games in which a victim is left with a sealed envelope supposedly containing money, but which contains only newspaper or… …   Universalium

  • Murphy (Familienname) — Murphy ist ein Familienname Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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