National Labor Relations Act, 1935
- Also known as the Wagner Act after its sponsor Senator Robert F. Wagner, the National Labor Relations Act was signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on 5 July 1935. It was intended as an alternative to the labor clauses in Section 7(a) of the National Industrial Recovery Act, which the Supreme Court declared unconstitutional in 1935, and it provided for free collective bargaining and recognition of trade unions. It prohibited strike breaking, “yellow dog” contracts, blacklisting, and other antiunion measures. The act established a three-man National Labor Relations Board to investigate and prevent unfair labor practices, determine employees’ representatives in collective bargaining, and mediate in labor disputes. The act served as an enormous encouragement to trade unions, whose strength increased almost three-fold in the 1930s.
Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . Neil A. Wynn . 2015.
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