National War Labor Board
- (NWLB)The NWLB was created on 12 January 1942 within the Office of Emergency Management to resolve disputes between labor and management in defense industries through conciliation, mediation, and arbitration. The board consisted of 12 members equally representing trade unions, management, and public interest groups. Its responsibilities were extended to include wage stabilization. In total, it was involved in 17,650 disputes affecting 12 million workers. In July 1942, the NWLB adopted the “Little Steel” formula to control wage rises by limiting wage increases to 15 percent over levels of January 1941 to cover the rise in the cost of living. Rises were further restricted from 1943 onward. The NWLB also introduced a “maintenance of membership” policy in 1942, which committed workers to union membership after an initial 15-day opting-out period at the start of defense contracts. When Sewell Avery of Montgomery Ward refused to accept the policy, he was physically removed from his office, and the company was twice taken over by the military. The board was transferred to the Department of Labor in 1945 and abolished in 1946.
Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . Neil A. Wynn . 2015.
Look at other dictionaries:
National War Labor Board — The National War Labor Board (NWLB) was a federal agency created in April 1918 by President Woodrow Wilson. It was composed of twelve representatives from business and labor, and co chaired by Former President William Howard Taft. Its purpose was … Wikipedia
National War Labor Board — Le National War Labor Board (NWLB Bureau national du travail de guerre) est une institution américaine qui s est mis en place à deux reprises lors de la Première, puis de la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Dans les deux cas, il s agissait d organisme… … Wikipédia en Français
National War Labor Board — U.S. Govt. the board (1942 45) that mediated and arbitrated labor disputes. Abbr.: NWLB, WLB Also, War Labor Board. * * * … Universalium
National War Labor Board — U.S. Govt. the board (1942 45) that mediated and arbitrated labor disputes. Abbr.: NWLB, WLB Also, War Labor Board … Useful english dictionary
War Labor Board. — See National War Labor Board. * * * … Universalium
War Labor Board — (WLB) See National War Labor Board (NWLB) … Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era
War Labor Board. — See National War Labor Board … Useful english dictionary
War Production Board — Le War Production Board (WPB, Bureau de la production de guerre) est un organisme créé en 1942 par décret de Franklin D. Roosevelt pour règlementer et répartir la production des matériaux et du combustible pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale aux… … Wikipédia en Français
War Production Board — The War Production Board (WPB) was established as a government agency on January 16, 1942 by executive order of Franklin D. Roosevelt. The purpose of the board was to regulate the production and allocation of materials and fuel during World War… … Wikipedia
War Labor Disputes Act, 1943 — Known as the Smith Connally Act and passed over President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s veto in May 1943, the War Labor Disputes Act was in response to the wave of strikes affecting the U.S. war industry that year. The act made any strike that took… … Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era