Nelson, Donald Marr

   Born in Hannibal, Missouri, Donald Nelson graduated from the University of Missouri in 1911 and in 1912 began working as a chemist with the Sears, Roebuck and Company. He remained with the company for 30 years, eventually becoming executive vice president and chairman of the executive committee in 1939. Seen as sympathetic to the New Deal in 1940, he was appointed to head the National Defense Advisory Committee and then the Division of Purchases of the Office of Production Management. After the United Stares entered World War II, in January 1942 Nelson became head of the War Production Board (WPB) to govern all aspects of war production. He was able but indecisive and allowed his authority, extended under the second War Powers Act of 1942, to be diluted with the appointment of “czars” responsible to President Franklin D. Roosevelt for petroleum, rubber, and even manpower. Even more problematic was the independence of the military procurement agencies. Nonetheless, the WPB was able to limit nonessential production and prioritize production, but when the board proposed that companies that did not have war contracts could prepare for postwar reconversion, the military objected. Nelson was relieved of his job in August 1944 and sent on a fact-finding mission to China and the Soviet Union. After the war, he retired from government service and became president of the Society of Independent Motion Picture Producers until 1947. He later became chair of Electronized Chemicals and president of Consolidated Caribou Silver Mines.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Donald M. Nelson — For the retired NBA coach, see Don Nelson. Donald Marr Nelson (1888–1959) was an American business executive and public servant, serving as the executive vice president of Sears Roebuck before accepting the position of director of priorities of… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Ace double novels — Ace Books began publishing genre fiction starting in 1952. Initially these were mostly in the attractive dos à dosfact|date=July 2008 | dos à dos or tête bêche? format, but they also published a few single volumes, in the early years, and that… …   Wikipedia

  • 2000 New Year Honours — The insignia of the Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George: Andrew Wood was awarded the Grand Cross in this Honours list. The New Year Honours 2000 for the United Kingdom were announced on 31 December 1999, to celebrate the year… …   Wikipedia

  • Tiger Woods — Personal information …   Wikipedia

  • Hollywood Walk of Fame/Kategorie Film — A Name Adresse Bud Abbott 1611 Vine Street Art Acord 1709 Vine Street Renée Adorée 1601 Vine Street Philip Ahn 6211 Hollywood Blvd. Frank Albertson 6754 Hollywood Blvd. Rex Allen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Söhne und Töchter von New York City — Liste der Söhne und Töchter von New York City: A Cleveland Abbe, Astronom und erster Meteorologe Gregory Abbott, Musiker, Sänger, Komponist und Musikproduzent Kareem Abdul Jabbar, Basketballspieler Ahmed Abdul Malik, Jazzmusiker J. J. Abrams,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • List of Ace titles in F series — Ace Books published its F series of books, priced at 40 cents, from 1960 to 1967. The following list may not be complete; some numbers are not listed, and it is not known if a book corresponds to them. The missing numbers are 136, 228 and 338.*F… …   Wikipedia

  • Jack Nicklaus — For this golfer s detailed statistics, records, and other achievements, see List of career achievements by Jack Nicklaus. Jack Nicklaus Personal information Full …   Wikipedia

  • Don January — Personal information Full name Donald Ray January Born November 20, 1929 (1929 11 20) (age 81) Plainview, Texas …   Wikipedia

  • Liste des étoiles du Hollywood Walk of Fame — En 2000, Les Simpsons ont reçu une étoile sur le Walk of Fame. Cette liste répertorie les étoiles présentes sur le Hollywood Walk of Fame avec sa catégorie et son emplacement. Cette liste doit être cohérente avec la liste du site internet du… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.