North Atlantic Treaty, 1949
- Signed in Washington, D.C., on 4 April 1949, the North Atlantic Treaty was a treaty of mutual defense between the United States, Canada, and 10 Western European nations, including France, Great Britain, Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Denmark, Norway, Iceland, Italy, and Portugal. The agreement stated that any attack on one of signatories would be regarded as an attack on them all, and it was a response to what was seen as the threat of attack by the Soviet Union following the communist takeover in Czechoslovakia in February 1948 and the Berlin Airlift from June 1948 to May 1949. The European nations had already established the basis of the agreement with the Brussels Treaty in March 1948, and approval of U.S. participation had been signaled by Republicans in Congress with the Vandenberg Resolution in June 1948. In January 1950, an administrative body, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, was established as the command structure. Greece and Turkey joined the alliance in 1952, the Federal Republic of Germany in 1955, and Spain in 1982. The Soviet Union responded to the inclusion of West Germany by creating its own alliance, the Warsaw Pact, in 1955.
Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . Neil A. Wynn . 2015.
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North Atlantic Treaty — authentication page Type Military Alliance Signed 4 April 1949 Location Washington, D.C. Effective 24 August 1949 Condition … Wikipedia
North Atlantic Treaty Organization — ➡ NATO. * * * Introduction military alliance established by the North Atlantic Treaty (also called the Washington Treaty) of April 4, 1949, which sought to create a counterweight to Soviet (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) armies stationed… … Universalium
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North Atlantic Treaty — noun the treaty signed in 1949 by 12 countries that established NATO • Instance Hypernyms: ↑treaty, ↑pact, ↑accord * * * the treaty (1949) signed by 12 countries, providing for the establishment of NATO. Also called North Atlantic Pact. * * *… … Useful english dictionary
North Atlantic Treaty Organization — (NATO) Italy signed the North Atlantic Treaty on 4 April 1949. The decision to enter the Western alliance was a hugely controversial one in an ideologically divided nation. In a parliamentary debate shortly before the signature of the pact,… … Historical Dictionary of modern Italy
North Atlantic Treaty Organization — (NATO) Established on 4 April 1949, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization is a collective security arrangement backed by the United States and its allies. Its principal function is to provide mutual defense if any member state is attacked by… … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
North Atlantic Treaty Organization — (NATO) Brussels serves as the seat of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the defense organization formed by North Atlantic nations in 1949. The headquarters were located in London from 1949 to 1952 and then moved to Paris. Following the… … Historical Dictionary of Brussels
North Atlantic Treaty Organization — (NATO) Portugal joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in 1949, as a founding member. Besides complementing the Atlantic orientation of Portugal s foreign and defense policies, this membership also supported the country s close… … Historical dictionary of Portugal
North Atlantic Treaty Organization — noun an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security • Syn: ↑NATO • Hypernyms: ↑world organization, ↑world organisation, ↑international organization, ↑international organisation,… … Useful english dictionary