North Atlantic Treaty, 1949

   Signed in Washington, D.C., on 4 April 1949, the North Atlantic Treaty was a treaty of mutual defense between the United States, Canada, and 10 Western European nations, including France, Great Britain, Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Denmark, Norway, Iceland, Italy, and Portugal. The agreement stated that any attack on one of signatories would be regarded as an attack on them all, and it was a response to what was seen as the threat of attack by the Soviet Union following the communist takeover in Czechoslovakia in February 1948 and the Berlin Airlift from June 1948 to May 1949. The European nations had already established the basis of the agreement with the Brussels Treaty in March 1948, and approval of U.S. participation had been signaled by Republicans in Congress with the Vandenberg Resolution in June 1948. In January 1950, an administrative body, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, was established as the command structure. Greece and Turkey joined the alliance in 1952, the Federal Republic of Germany in 1955, and Spain in 1982. The Soviet Union responded to the inclusion of West Germany by creating its own alliance, the Warsaw Pact, in 1955.
   See also Containment; Marshall Plan.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization — (NATO)    Portugal joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in 1949, as a founding member. Besides complementing the Atlantic orientation of Portugal s foreign and defense policies, this membership also supported the country s close… …   Historical dictionary of Portugal

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization — noun an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security • Syn: ↑NATO • Hypernyms: ↑world organization, ↑world organisation, ↑international organization, ↑international organisation,… …   Useful english dictionary

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