North Atlantic Treaty Organization
- (NATO)Established in January 1950 to implement the provisions of the North Atlantic Treaty, NATO established a center in Brussels, Belgium, and in 1951 the Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) was created in France with General Dwight D. Eisenhower as its first commander. Following the incorporation of the Federal Republic of Germany into NATO in 1955, the Soviet Union responded by creating the Warsaw Pact, a military alliance of communist-dominated Eastern Europe. In 1966, France left NATO because of what it perceived as U.S. domination. Nonetheless, NATO continued in existence, although its role was increasingly questioned with the end of the Cold War in 1990. However, it was recently enrolled in the “war against terror,” and its membership expanded with the inclusion of a number of former Soviet satellites in Eastern Europe.
Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . Neil A. Wynn . 2015.
Look at other dictionaries:
North Atlantic Treaty Organization — ➡ NATO. * * * Introduction military alliance established by the North Atlantic Treaty (also called the Washington Treaty) of April 4, 1949, which sought to create a counterweight to Soviet (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) armies stationed… … Universalium
North Atlantic Treaty Organization — (NATO) Established on 4 April 1949, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization is a collective security arrangement backed by the United States and its allies. Its principal function is to provide mutual defense if any member state is attacked by… … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
North Atlantic Treaty Organization — Flagge der NATO Generalsekretär … Deutsch Wikipedia
North Atlantic Treaty Organization — (NATO) Brussels serves as the seat of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the defense organization formed by North Atlantic nations in 1949. The headquarters were located in London from 1949 to 1952 and then moved to Paris. Following the… … Historical Dictionary of Brussels
North Atlantic Treaty Organization — (NATO) Portugal joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in 1949, as a founding member. Besides complementing the Atlantic orientation of Portugal s foreign and defense policies, this membership also supported the country s close… … Historical dictionary of Portugal
North Atlantic Treaty Organization — NATO * * * North Atlantic Treaty Organization [nɔːθ ət læntɪk triːtɪ ɔːgənaɪ zeɪʃn, englisch], die NATO … Universal-Lexikon
North Atlantic Treaty Organization — noun an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security • Syn: ↑NATO • Hypernyms: ↑world organization, ↑world organisation, ↑international organization, ↑international organisation,… … Useful english dictionary
North Atlantic Treaty Organization — (NATO) Italy signed the North Atlantic Treaty on 4 April 1949. The decision to enter the Western alliance was a hugely controversial one in an ideologically divided nation. In a parliamentary debate shortly before the signature of the pact,… … Historical Dictionary of modern Italy
North Atlantic Treaty Organization — (NATO) NATO was created in April 1949 as an alliance of 12 states (the United States and Canada, along with several states of Western Europe). It was established as a defensive alliance against the communist bloc, as a result of the growing… … Glossary of UK Government and Politics
North Atlantic Treaty Organization — North At|lan|tic Treat|y Or|ga|ni|za|tion, the the full name of ↑NATO … Dictionary of contemporary English