Reuther, Walter

   Future labor leader Walter Reuther was born in West Virginia and left school at the age of 16 to work. In 1927, he went to Detroit, Michigan, to work for Ford Motor Company. In 1932, he went to Europe and spent two years working in the automobile industry in the Soviet Union. He returned to the United States in 1935 and in 1936 became a labor organizer for the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) and the United Auto Workers (UAW). He led a successful sit-down strike in 1936 and took part in the Flint Strike in 1937. He was badly beaten by men working for Ford Motor Company outside the River Rouge plant in Detroit. During World War II, Reuther became the UAW vice president and in 1946 president. In 1946, he called upon General Motors (GM) to give a 30 percent increase in wages without raising the price of their automobiles, arguing that it would boost consumption and help avoid a return to the conditions of the Great Depression. In 1948, he won an automatic cost of living agreement from GM and subsequently linked wage rises to productivity.
   Reelected to the UAW presidency in 1947, Reuther took a strong anticommunist position and was a founding member of Americans for Democratic Action. He also worked to establish procedures that would avoid strikes and helped win pensions and health benefits as part of the auto workers’ contracts. In 1952, Reuther became president of the CIO and helped secure the merger with the American Federation of Labor (AFL) in 1955. However, he withdrew the UAW from the AFL-CIO in 1968 because of what he saw as the organization’s complacency. He was killed in an air crash in 1970.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Reuther, Walter — ▪ American labour leader in full  Walter Philip Reuther  born September 1, 1907, Wheeling, West Virginia, U.S. died May 9, 1970, Pellston, Michigan  American labour leader who was president of the United Automobile Workers (UAW) and of the… …   Universalium

  • Reuther, Walter — ► (1908 70) Sindicalista estadounidense. Organizó a los trabajadores del automóvil y fundó el sindicato correspondiente …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Reuther, Walter (Philip) — born Sept. 1, 1907, Wheeling, W.Va., U.S. died May 9, 1970, Pellston, Mich. U.S. labour leader. He became an apprentice tool and diemaker at age 16. He traveled around the world in the 1930s, developing a lifelong distaste for communism after… …   Universalium

  • Reuther, Walter (Philip) — (1 sep. 1907, Wheeling, W.V., EE.UU.–9 may. 1970, Pellston, Mich.). Dirigente sindical estadounidense. A la edad de 16 años era aprendiz de fabricación de herramientas y estampas. En la década de 1930 viajó alrededor del mundo y luego de trabajar …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Reuther,Walter Philip — Reu·ther (ro͞oʹthər), Walter Philip. 1907 1970. American labor leader who was president of the United Auto Workers (1946 1970) and of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (1952 1955). * * * …   Universalium

  • Reuther — Reuther, Walter …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • REUTHER (W. P.) — REUTHER WALTER PHILIP (1907 1970) Importante personnalité du syndicalisme américain. D’abord outilleur chez Ford en même temps qu’il suivait les cours de la Wayne University de Detroit, Walter Reuther prit part au syndicalisme militant après la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Walter — Walter, Bruno Walter, John * * * (as used in expressions) Adams, Walter S(ydney) Alvarez, Luis W(alter) Bagehot, Walter Walter Lanier Barber Beaton, Sir Cecil (Walter Hardy) Benjamin, Walter Brattain, Walter H(ouser) Richard Walter Jenkins, Jr.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Walter — /vahl teuhr/ for 1; /wawl teuhr/ for 2, 3, n. 1. Bruno /brooh noh/, (Bruno Schlesinger), 1876 1962, German opera and symphony conductor, in U.S. after 1939. 2. Thomas Ustick /yooh stik/, 1804 87, U.S. architect. 3. a male given name. * * * (as… …   Universalium

  • Walter Reuther Central High School — is a high school located in downtown Kenosha, Wisconsin. It is a part of the Kenosha Unified School District. The school was named for United Auto Workers leader Walter Reuther. The school occupies the massive block square building built in 1924… …   Wikipedia

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