Ridgway, Matthew Bunker

(1895-1993)
   Born to a military family in Fort Monroe, Virginia, Matthew Ridgway graduated from West Point in 1917. During World War I, he served in the United States. After the war, he held a number of peacetime positions, including postings in China, Nicaragua, Panama, Brazil, and the Philippines. In 1942, Ridgway took command of the 82nd Division, the first airborne division in the U.S. Army. He led them in action in North Africa, Sicily, and Normandy. In 1950, he successfully took command of the demoralized U.S. Eighth Army, which had been pushed back by the Chinese in the Korean War, and in April 1951 he replaced the disgraced General Douglas MacArthur as commander of the United Nations (UN) forces. Under his leadership, UN forces maintained the stalemate with their Chinese and North Korean opponents rather than seek territorial gains. In May 1952, Ridgway replaced General Dwight D. Eisenhower as the supreme allied commander in Europe for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The following year he became the U.S. Army chief of staff. However, Ridgway was opposed to the “New Look” policy of reliance on air power and nuclear weaponry and the principle of “massive retaliation,” and he retired in 1955. He became an executive at the Mellon Foundation, but as an advisor to President Lyndon B. Johnson in the 1960s, he spoke out against escalation of U.S. involvement in the war in Vietnam.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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  • Ridgway,Matthew Bunker — Ridg·way (rĭjʹwā ), Matthew Bunker. 1895 1993. American army officer who commanded airborne divisions in Europe during World War II. He was supreme commander of United Nations forces in Korea (1951 1952) and of NATO forces in Europe (1951 1953)… …   Universalium

  • Ridgway, Matthew Bunker — ▪ 1994       general (ret.), U.S. Army (b. March 3, 1895, Fort Monroe, Va. d. July 26, 1993, Fox Chapel, Pa.), was a valiant leader and brilliant strategist who parachuted with his troops into Sicily (July 1943) during World War II, therewith… …   Universalium

  • Matthew Bunker Ridgway — Matthew Ridgway Matthew Ridgway Naissance 3 mars 1895 Fort Monroe, É. U. Décès 26 juillet 1993 (à 98 ans) Fox Chapel …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ridgway, General Matthew Bunker — 1895–1993    Ridgway was a daring Commander of airborne infantry operations in Sicily and in northwestern Europe. Assigned to the US 82nd Infantry Division, he organized the first Allied airborne assault. This operation which took place on 10… …   Who’s Who in World War Two

  • Matthew Ridgway — Matthew Bunker Ridgway Matthew Bunker Ridgway (* 3. März 1895 in Fort Monroe, Virginia; † 26. Juli 1993) war ein General der US Army während des Zweiten Weltkrieges und des Koreakrieges …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Matthew B. Ridgway — Matthew Bunker Ridgway (* 3. März 1895 in Fort Monroe, Virginia; † 26. Juli 1993 in Fox Chapel, Pennsylvania) war ein General der US Army während des Zweiten Weltkrieges und des Koreakrieges …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Matthew — /math yooh/, n. 1. one of the four Evangelists, a customs collector from Capernaum, summoned to be one of the 12 apostles: originally called Levi. Matt. 9:9 13. 2. the first Gospel. Abbr.: Matt. 3. a male given name. * * * (as used in… …   Universalium

  • Matthew Ridgway — Matthew Bunker Ridgway General Matthew Bunker Ridgway Nickname Old Iron Tits …   Wikipedia

  • Matthew Ridgway — Naissance 3 mars 1895 Fort Monroe, É. U. Décès …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ridgway — /rij way /, n. Matthew Bunker, born 1895, U.S. army general: chief of staff 1953 55. * * * …   Universalium

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