“Second New Deal”

   The New Deal has traditionally been divided into two parts with a “First New Deal” covering 1933 and 1934 and the “Second New Deal” lasting from about 1935 through 1937. The emphasis in the “Second New Deal” was more on reform measures to tackle the long-term problems identified as a result of the Great Depression. Consequently, it has often been seen as a move to the “left” because of the emphasis on social welfare like the Social Security Act and prolabor legislation like the National Labor Relations Act. The “Second New Deal” came to an end with the attempt at “court-packing” and the so-called “Roosevelt recession” in 1937. The last major piece of legislation of the Second New Deal was the Fair Labor Standards Act in 1938. Foreign affairs also began to dominate politics as the crisis in Europe developed with the approach of World War II.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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