Smith, Howard Worth

   Born in Virginia, Howard Smith graduated from Bethel Military Academy in 1901 and Virginia Law School in 1903. He had his own legal practice from 1904 to 1917 and during World War I was an assistant general counsel to the Alien Property Custodian. After the war, he served as commonwealth attorney of Alexandria, Virginia; judge on the corporation court of Alexandria until 1928; and judge on the judicial circuit of Virginia from 1928 to 1930. In 1930, Smith was elected as a Democratic congressman to the U.S. House of Representatives. He became a member of the House Rules Committee in 1933. A typical states’ rights Democrat, Smith was one of the conservative bloc in Congress that opposed much of the New Deal. President Franklin D. Roosevelt attempted to have him unseated in the “purge of 1938” but failed. In 1939, he was one of the leaders of the investigation that attacked the National Labor Relations Board and in 1940 was the sponsor of the Smith Act—also known as the Alien Registration Act—aimed at radical groups. During the war, he cosponsored the Smith-Connally Act—also known as the War Labor Disputes Act. From 1955 onward, Smith was a powerful influence as chair of the House Committee on Rules and worked to block increases in social security, housing reform, and civil rights legislation. He inserted a clause requiring equal opportunity for women in the 1965 Civil Rights Act. Some historians have claimed that it was a deliberate attempt to jeopardize the act, while others have pointed to Smith’s history of support for women’s rights and see it as a genuine move on his part. In 1966, he was defeated for renomination and resumed his private legal practice in Alexandria.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Howard W. Smith — Howard Worth Smith (* 2. Februar 1883 in Broad Run, Virginia; † 3. Oktober 1976 in Alexandria, Virginia) war ein Demokratischer Kongressabgeordneter aus Virginia und der Führer der Conservative Coalition. Er war ein eifriger Unterstützer der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Howard W. Smith — Infobox Congressman name= Howard Worth Smith state=Virginia district=8th term=1931 1967 preceded=R. Walton Moore succeeded=William L. Scott date of birth=birth date|1883|2|2|mf=y place of birth=Broad Run, Va. date of death=death date and… …   Wikipedia

  • Howard Dean — 79th Governor of Vermont In office August 14, 1991 – January 8, 2003 Lieutenant Barbara Snelling Douglas A. Racine …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Howard — For other people named Michael Howard, see Michael Howard (disambiguation). The Right Honourable The Lord Howard of Lympne CH QC PC …   Wikipedia

  • Gordon W. Smith — Gordon William Smith (1920–2010) was an artist and collector of American Indian art and ethnographic materials who lived in and was a native of Fort Worth, Texas. His collection of American Indian art, which was featured between August 2008 and… …   Wikipedia

  • Fort Worth, Texas — Fort Worth   City   City of Fort Worth Montage of Fort Worth …   Wikipedia

  • Donald Smith, 1st Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal — The Right Honourable The Lord Strathcona and Mount Royal Lord Strathcona circa 1870 1880 Born Donald Alexander Smith 6 August 1820 Forres, Scotland Died …   Wikipedia

  • Bruton Smith — Ollen Bruton Smith (born 1927 in Oakboro, North Carolina) is a promoter and owner/CEO of NASCAR track owner Speedway Motorsports, Inc. The billionaire was ranked #207 on the Forbes 400 list with an estimated worth of $1.5 billion in 2005,cite web …   Wikipedia

  • Patience Worth — was allegedly a spirit contacted by Pearl Lenore Curran (February 15 1883–1937). This symbiotic relationship produced several novels, poetry and prose which Pearl Curran claimed was delivered to her through channelling the spirit, Patience Worth …   Wikipedia

  • History of Fort Worth, Texas — This article is about the history of Fort Worth, Texas.In January 1849, U.S. Army General William Jenkins Worth, an admired veteran of the Mexican American War, proposed building ten forts to mark where the west Texas frontier began from Eagle… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.