Steel Workers’ Organizing Committee
- (SWOC)In June 1936, the newly formed Committee of Industrial Organization targeted a bastion of antiunionism since the late 19th century—the steel industry—as their focus for trade union membership drives. They established the SWOC, led by Philip Murray, and on 2 March 1937 the “Big Steel” companies agreed to recognize the unions rather than face strikes. Smaller companies led by Republic Steel, Bethlehem Steel, and Youngstown Sheet & Tube, however, refused to such an agreement, and a bitter strike ensued. One of the worst episodes in U.S. labor history occurred in the Memorial Day Massacre outside the Republic Steel plant in South Chicago, Indiana, when 10 people were killed. Despite a wave of public sympathy for the strikers, the “Little Steel” companies did not recognize the unions until 1941.
Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . Neil A. Wynn . 2015.
Look at other dictionaries:
Steel Workers Organizing Committee — The Steel Workers Organizing Committee was one of two precursor labor organizations to the United Steelworkers. It was formed by the CIO (Congress of Industrial Organizations) in 1936. It disbanded in 1942 to become the United Steel Workers of… … Wikipedia
Steel Workers Organizing Committee — Le Steel Workers Organizing Committee est une organisation syndicale américaine disparue, prédécesseur de l United Steelworkers. Créée en 1936 par le Congrès des organisations industrielles, il est dissous en 1942 pour former l United… … Wikipédia en Français
Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers — The Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers (commonly known as the AA) was an American labor union formed in 1876 and which represented iron and steel workers. It partnered with the Steel Workers Organizing Committee, CIO, in November,… … Wikipedia
Steel strike of 1919 — The Steel Strike of 1919 was an attempt by the weakened Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel and Tin Workers (the AA) to organize the American steel industry in the wake of World War I. The strike began on September 22, 1919, and collapsed on… … Wikipedia
Lackawanna Steel Company — Infobox Company company name = Lackawanna Steel Company company company type = Public genre = foundation = 1840 founder = George W. Scranton, Seldon T. Scranton, William Henry location city = Scranton, Pennsylvania (1840 1902) Lackawanna, New… … Wikipedia
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union — The International Ladies Garment Workers Union was once one of the largest labor unions in the United States, one of the first U.S. unions to have a primarily female membership, and a key player in the labor history of the 1920s and 1930s. The… … Wikipedia
Transport and General Workers Union — Briefmarke 1968 100 Jahre Gewerkschaften in Deutschland Eine Gewerkschaft ist ein Interessenverband von Arbeitnehmern. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 … Deutsch Wikipedia
U.S. Steel — United States Steel Corporation Type Public Traded as NYSE: X Industry … Wikipedia
Little Steel Streik — Der Little Steel Strike war ein im Jahr 1937 am 26. Mai beginnender von dem Steel Workers Organizing Committee (SWOC) und dem Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) ausgetragener Streik der Stahlarbeiter gegen die Stahlunternehmen des… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Little Steel Strike — Der Little Steel Strike war ein im Jahr 1937 am 26. Mai beginnender von dem Steel Workers Organizing Committee (SWOC) und dem Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) ausgetragener Streik der Stahlarbeiter gegen die Stahlunternehmen des… … Deutsch Wikipedia