Stimson, Henry Lewis

(1867-1950)
   One of America’s longest- serving statesmen, Henry L. Stimson was born in New York City; attended Phillips Academy, Andover; and graduated from Yale University in 1888. He went to Harvard Law School, qualified in law in 1890, and practiced in New York City. Stimson was U.S. attorney for southern New York and in 1910 ran unsuccessfully as the Republican candidate for governor. In 1911, President William Howard Taft appointed him secretary of war. He resumed his legal practice in 1916.
   During World War I, Stimson served as a colonel with the artillery in France and then resumed his career as a Wall Street lawyer. In 1927, President Calvin Coolidge appointed him to mediate between warring factions in Nicaragua. From 1927 to 1929, he served as governor general of the Philippines and resisted early moves toward independence.
   In 1928, President Herbert Hoover appointed Stimson as secretary of state, and in that capacity he chaired the U.S. Delegation to the London Naval Conference from 1930 to 1931. In 1931, he issued a statement that became known as the Stimson Doctrine, expressing the opposition of the United States to the Japanese conquest of Manchuria and refusing to accept any change in territorial possession as a consequence of the invasion. Stimson tried to mobilize European opposition to Japanese aggression and would have preferred to take stronger action, but he bowed to Hoover’s wishes to maintain a purely limited diplomatic response.
   In 1940, Stimson was one of two Republicans appointed to the cabinet when President Franklin D. Roosevelt made him secretary of war (the other was Frank Knox). He supported the introduction of Selective Service in 1940 and advocated support for Great Britain before the attack on Pearl Harbor. Once the United States became involved in the war, he called for a speedy invasion of Europe. He expressed opposition about the massive bombing of Germany and the later firebombing of Tokyo, and he recommended offering the Japanese terms for surrender that would allow them to keep the emperor. Stimson also opposed the plan proposed by Henry Morgenthau with regard to postwar Germany, arguing that the economic destruction of the country would simply repeat the mistakes that had followed World War I. However, he was also the president’s senior adviser on atomic weapons and accepted the dropping of the atomic bombs in 1945 and was responsible for the choice of targets. Nonetheless, at the war’s end, he seemed to suggest a policy of cooperation with the Soviet Union rather than confrontation based on atomic superiority. Stimson published his memoirs, On Active Service in Peace and War, in 1948.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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  • Stimson,Henry Lewis — Stim·son (stĭmʹsən), Henry Lewis. 1867 1950. American public official who served as U.S. secretary of state (1929 1933) and as secretary of war (1940 1945) during World War II. He was the chief adviser on atomic weaponry to Presidents Franklin D …   Universalium

  • Henry Lewis Stimson — Henry Stimson avant la conférence de Potsdam le 16 août 1945 Henry Lewis Stimson (21 septembre 1867, 20 octobre 1950) était un politicien des États Unis. Il fut gouverneur général des Philippines (1927 à 1929), puis secrétaire d État sous l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henry L. Stimson — Henry L. Stimson. Henry Lewis Stimson (21 de septiembre de 1867 – 20 de octubre de 1950) fue un político de los Estados Unidos que ejerció los cargos de Secretario de Estado, Secretario de Guerra y Gobernador general de Filipinas durante var …   Wikipedia Español

  • Henry L. Stimson — Infobox Officeholder name = Henry Lewis Stimson imagesize = small caption = order = 46th United States Secretary of State term start = March 28, 1929 term end = March 4, 1933 president = Herbert Hoover deputy = Joseph P. Cotton (1929 1931)… …   Wikipedia

  • lewis — /looh is/, n. a device for lifting a dressed stone, consisting of a number of pieces fitting together to fill a dovetailed recess cut into the stone. [1730 40; perh. after the surname of the inventor] * * * (as used in expressions) Ferdinand… …   Universalium

  • Lewis — /looh is/, n. 1. C(ecil) Day, 1904 72, British poet: poet laureate after 1968. 2. C(live) S(taples) /stay peuhlz/, ( Clive Hamilton ), 1898 1963, English novelist and essayist. 3. Gilbert Newton, 1875 1946, U.S. chemist. 4. (Harry) Sinclair, 1885 …   Universalium

  • henry — /hen ree/, n., pl. henries, henrys. Elect. the SI unit of inductance, formally defined to be the inductance of a closed circuit in which an electromotive force of one volt is produced when the electric current in the circuit varies uniformly at a …   Universalium

  • Henry — /hen ree/, n. 1. Joseph, 1797 1878, U.S. physicist. 2. O., pen name of William Sydney Porter. 3. Patrick, 1736 99, American patriot, orator, and statesman. 4. Cape, a cape in SE Virginia at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay. 5. Fort. See …   Universalium

  • Henry L. Stimson — als Außenminister (1929) Henry Lewis Stimson (* 21. September 1867 in New York City; † 20. Oktober 1950 in Huntington, New York) war ein US amerikanischer Politi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry L. Stimson — Henry Lewis Stimson Henry Stimson avant la conférence de Potsdam le 16 août 1945 Henry Lewis Stimson (21 septembre 1867, 20 octobre 1950) était un politicien des États Unis. Il fut gouverneur général des Philippines (1927 à 1929), puis secr …   Wikipédia en Français

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