Stone, Harlan Fiske

   Born in Chesterfield, New Hampshire, and a graduate of Amherst College in 1894 and Columbia University Law School in 1898, Harlan Fiske Stone became the eleventh chief justice of the Supreme Court. After beginning his own private law practice, he joined the faculty of Columbia University Law School in 1899, where he became dean in 1910. In 1924, President Calvin Coolidge appointed him as attorney general, where he helped reform the federal prison service and the Alien Property Custodian’s Office, an area of corruption during the previous administration. He was appointed to the Supreme Court in 1925. With Louis D. Brandeis and Benjamin Cardozo, who replaced Oliver Wendell Holmes in 1932, Stone was part of the “liberal” group on the Supreme Court and an upholder of judicial restraint. A defender of civil liberties, Stone dissented in Minersville School District v. Gobitis in 1940 against the decision approving mandatory saluting of the flag in public schools. The court accepted his view when it reversed their original ruling in 1943 in West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette. President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed Stone as chief justice to succeed Charles Evans Hughes in 1941. However, he did not seem able to impose his personality or a consistent view on the court. His own position was often difficult to characterize as he supported the decisions upholding the internment of Japanese Americans but dissented when the court ruled to uphold the right to deny citizenship to conscientious objectors in Girouard v. United States in 1946. He died shortly after reading that decision.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stone,Harlan Fiske — Stone, Harlan Fiske. 1872 1946. American jurist who served as an associate justice (1925 1941) and the chief justice (1941 1946) of the U.S. Supreme Court. * * * …   Universalium

  • Stone, Harlan Fiske — born Oct. 11, 1872, Chesterfield, N.H., U.S. died April 22, 1946, Washington, D.C. U.S. jurist. He studied at Columbia Law School and later practiced law while serving as dean (1910–23). Pres. Calvin Coolidge appointed him U.S. attorney general… …   Universalium

  • Stone, Harlan Fiske — (11 oct. 1872, Chesterfield, N.H., EE.UU.–22 abr. 1946, Washington, D.C.). Jurista estadounidense. Estudió en la escuela de derecho de la Universidad de Columbia y más tarde ejerció la profesión mientras se desempeñaba como decano (1910–23). El… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Harlan Fiske Stone — Harlan Stone (um 1930) Harlan Fiske Stone (* 11. Oktober 1872 in Chesterfield, Cheshire County, New Hampshire; † 22. April 1946 in Washington D.C.) war ein US amerikanischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Harlan Fiske Stone — Infobox Chief Justice name = Harlan Fiske Stone imagesize = caption = office = 12th Chief Justice of the United States termstart = July 3 1941 termend = April 22 1946 nominator = Franklin Delano Roosevelt appointer = predecessor = Charles Evans… …   Wikipedia

  • Harlan Fiske Stone — noun United States jurist who served on the United States Supreme Court as chief justice (1872 1946) • Syn: ↑Stone • Instance Hypernyms: ↑jurist, ↑legal expert …   Useful english dictionary

  • Harlan F. Stone — 12th Chief Justice of the United States In office July 3, 1941 – April 22, 1946 …   Wikipedia

  • Harlan F. Stone — Harlan Stone (um 1930) Harlan Fiske Stone (* 11. Oktober 1872 in Chesterfield, New Hampshire; † 22. April 1946 in Washington (D.C.)) war ein US amerikanischer Jurist, Politiker, Justizmin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stone — Stone, Nicholas * * * (as used in expressions) Stone, Edward Durell Stone, Harlan Fiske Stone, Lucy Stone, Oliver Stone, Robert (Anthony) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Stone — /stohn/, n. 1. Edward Durell /doo rel , dyoo /, 1902 78, U.S. architect. 2. Harlan Fiske /hahr leuhn/, 1872 1946, U.S. jurist: Chief Justice of the U.S. 1941 46. 3. Irving, born 1903, U.S. author. 4. I(sidor) F(einstein) /fuyn stuyn/, born 1907,… …   Universalium

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